However, the American Army prevented the th Volksgrenadier Division from taking control of Krinkelt-Rocherath, twin villages. The Germans hoped to strategically use Rocherath-Krinkelt as a highway to upper region of Elsonborn ridge.
This would have given the Iron Curtain superior advantage of supply routes in both the west and the south. Army command on 16 December were deployed north of the Belgian Ardennes. At Spa, which had served the German Emperor as headquarters in World War I, the First Army had established its command post surrounded on every side by service installations, supply dumps, and depots. Verviers, an important and densely stocked railhead lay eleven miles north of Spa. The German Army casualty rate spiked at a ratio of As a result, the division suffered deaths and 2, casualties.
The use of elephants by Hannibal, the retreat plot deployed by Normans at the battle of Hastings, and the spectacular success achieved by German Blitzkrieg are all too famous and taught across all the military schools in world Reid, Surprise, as it can be noted, formed the crux of the originality and with further maturation of military doctrine, surprise and initial advance emerged as separate principles of war that were followed to the hilt by many military leaders.
The remarkable successes of Germany in the initial period of the Second World War and in the Operation Barbarossa against Russia and the deadly Japanese strike at Pearl Harbor were all result of a military strategy strictly woven around the cardinal principle of surprise and initial advance Reid, Despite the obvious advantage of originality and the elements of surprise, flexibility and initiative introduced by it, the stress on originality alone do not form the full crux of war principles.
It is well recognized that it impossible to be strong everywhere and if decisive victory is to be achieved then it is imperative that strength is directed at the critical time and place, while ensuring that reduce the wasteful expenditure of effort.
Strategy of Indirect Approach: The areas identified for this purpose are lines of supply, lines of communication, factory and industrial installations and power centers Murdock, After the Normandy Landing of 6th June, , Allied forces had liberated almost whole of the Europe from Nazi occupation and cornered German forces to their own territories Astor, Allied Forces had taken the strategic position in the rough terrains of Ardennes, that occupied areas of Belgium and France.
Although the forests and hills of the region made it an apparently impregnable region, the history defied this notion as the region constituted the main path taken by German forces in both 1st and 2nd World War to mount surprise attack on Belgium and France Astor, The region had already seen a major confrontation in the beginning of Second World War when German forces launched their blitzkrieg on France using the same path.
Now, with tides of battle turned, Allied forces had parked themselves in the same region, preparing to use it against launching their major offensive against German mainland. The emotions in Allied Armies ran high at this juncture.
They had successfully liberated almost all of the Western Europe from Nazi occupation and at the beginning of December, they were standing at the threshold of the door of Nazi regime, the cause of momentous suffering and unparalleled loss of life for millions of people. The heavy Nazi defeat in USSR, resulting in almost total decimation of over half a million Nazi force had further created a positive mood of victory.
It was not surprising that many of the army men and military officers were looking forward to end of War by 1st January, However, hopes of a quick victory took a setback as US intelligence gathered rumors mentioning a massive German counter attack.
Prisoners captured and deserters from German army mentioned of large scale congregation of German military machine and personnel. By 9th December, there were unconfirmed reports in Allied camps of an impending German maneuver, but there was hardly any decisive or concrete information available on which to base the response. For a short time the Army generals believed the military amassment to be of defensive in nature, aimed at protecting German borders Astor, Meanwhile, around 12th of December, in several cases of interrogation of bordering civilians, Allied soldiers learned of heavy movement of military equipments as well as arrival of hardcore Nazi troops —Wafen SS from Italy Astor, The reports created a scene of impending offensive assault.
However, the report took more than a day in making its way to Army headquarters. As a matter of fact, riding on their feats of victory over Nazi Army in recent battles, American army had dangerously dropped its guard and slumbered in a zone of complacency. German spies reported that American guards manned their post for an hour after dark and then returned to base to emerge at the dawn. This was in total disregard to the alert and caution required at the time of ongoing war situation. As confirmed by American commander of division, before bulge, they were a nine to five army in Ardennes.
The Nazi Ardennes offensive was prepared by Hitler himself and it was based on standard German strategy of achieving maximum damage through surprise. Towards this purpose, German forces maintained total radio silence, putting Allied forces completely in dark on the movements and intentions of their enemies.
While Allied armies rested through first half of December, German panzer divisions, supported by large number of infantry troops were stealthily filtering through forests of Ardennes to catch Americans unprepared and off guard Astor, Germany had indeed the plan well laid out for they had deliberately selected the most vulnerable section of American division for the first salvo.
German batteries opened fire on the early morning of 16th December, The sixth panzer division showered 99th division with heavy mortars and shells, severely destroying Allied communication lines Astor, The Fifth Panzer division, supported by Seventh Army, tore into Allied forces, virtually annihilating the opposition out of way.
The attack was so intense that it literally cut down large number of trees surrounding the Allied camps, and falling tree trunks became another mortal hazard for the soldiers scrambling for cover and their life. Allied forces soon galvanized their response and within an hour of initiating attack, the th division found itself facing a barrage of shots and ammunition from Allied forces, and especially American soldiers. In fact at many places German forces suffered heavy casualty.
However, German preparations were fairly elaborate and troops stationed near Sauer River and Sauer town witnessed the amazing scene of searchlights reflected through low hanging clouds, illuminating long stretches of path for German forces while providing little guidance to Allied troops of the location or position of their formidable adversaries Astor, The adversaries indeed proved too formidable and they incessantly and mercilessly poured down heavy shells, bombs and fire on a force caught completely off balance.
Our writing service will save you time and grade. The Battle of the Bulge took place on December 16 The Germans mobilized the last chance they had to win the war. The Germans wanted to cut the American forces in to two parts, because this way they could easily be destroyed.
Hitler felt this was his last chance to win, because his forces were being pushed back and soon they would run out of the resources they would need to win the war. Hitler was mobilizing a task force of , Germans soldiers. The allies were slowly pushing through the Ardennes Forest on the German, Belgium boarder, with a force of , American solders, and 55, British soldiers.
Hitler hoped to surprise the Allies of guard and quickly separate the army. The allies pushed through this are because they felt this was the least likely place to set up an attack to assault the Allies. The Germans selected it because it was easy to hide troops in the hills. Hitler code-named this attack as the "Wacht am Rhein". The Americans went through the area in a thin line to give support to the flank where the attack was expected. During the War, Eisenhower and his staff felt this spot was the least likely to be attacked.
The thought the Germans would not try anything through the narrow passageway. The American Army was kept long and thin whit a reinforced left and right flank to make sure of any attacks that would come right up the middle. The American line was thinly held by three divisions and a part of a fourth, while the fifth was making a local attack and a sixth was in reserve. Division sectors were more than double the width of normal, defensive fronts.
The Russian Red Army was steadily closing in on the Eastern front while German cities were being devastated by intense American bombing. The Italian peninsula had been captured and liberated, and the Allied armies were advancing rapidly through France and the Low Countries.
Hitler knew the end was near if something couldn't be done to slow the Allied advance. He soon came up with a plan to do this. This shows how Hitler has to come up with a brilliant game paln to win the war.
The object of the German offensive was to push through the Belgian Ardennes, cross the Meuse, retake Antwerp and its harbor facilities, thrust to the north and reach the sea. This would cut off the Allied troops in Holland and Belgium, making it impossible for them to withdraw. The success of the operation depended on three important parts; the speed of the initial breakthrough, the seizure of Allied fuel supplies and communications centers between St.
Vith and Bastogne, and the widening of the breach in the Allied lines to allow German troops to pour into Belgium. There would be three armies: Specially trained German soldiers who spoke English fluently were infiltrated behind the Allied lines wearing American uniforms with orders to disrupt the deployment of Allied units and prepare the way for the German advance. The crucial problem for the German was their lack of fuel and the whole 'adventure' depended on their initial thrust capturing the allied supplies.
Hitler's last attack had to work or he would be defeated. The plan was to march 85 miles from Southern Belgium to Luxembourg and attack the allies by surprise. He would attack during the Christmas season in the Ardennes Forest, an area where there were only a few allied soldiers.
The invasion was designed to split the American and British armies in half. However it did not succeed. The German armies caught the allies by surprise. They had some success in the beginning and were able to take a lot of land from the allies and captured many allied soldiers.
The allied forces fought Hitler's armies bravely. They held on to their ground wherever they could. They slowed down the German armies until American and English reinforcements arrived to fight the Germans.
The German army was no match for the allied forces. They were running out of fuel, men and ammunition. After fierce battles the German forces were pushed back and gave up all the land they had conquered in the beginning of the battle.
The allied forces completely destroyed the German armies. From this time forward the Germans were never able to raise a large army again to attack the allies. As approached it seemed, to most, that Germany's surrender was only a matter of time. The Allies, having been on the offensive for so long, had an all time high determination and morale. The idea that Germany could muster the supplies, troops, or will to launch an offensive seemed crazy.
In fact, many were already asking the questions of when and where the assault on the Rhine should be launched.
The Battle of the Bulge was a battle that changed the world forever. This battle was started by Adolf Hitler on December 16, He saw the allied alliance between Britain, France, and the United States and claimed it was too weak.
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The Battle of the Bulge Essay Words | 8 Pages. The Battle of the Bulge The post D-Day Allied assault that swept through France was halted by Hitler’s unexpected counter-attack through the Ardennes, resulting in a confrontation named the Battle of the Bulge. Read Battle of the Bulge free essay and over 88, other research documents. Battle of the Bulge. On December 16, , during the Battle for Elsenborn Ridge, the Allied forces held off Germany's mightiest armored division: the /5(1).
Battle Of The Bulge Essay Words | 7 Pages. The Battle of the Bulge The battle of the bulge was Hitler's last chance to win the war or at least make the allies go for a treaty. He did this because his forces were being pushed back into Germany and soon they would run out of supplies and other resources for war. Battle of the Bulge Essay - The Battle of the Bulge was one of the most important battles in the European Theater during the Second World War. It was also “The largest and bloodiest battle in American History”(4). The Battle of the Bulge was fought from December 16th to January 25th (4).