The United Nations on Decembers 10, adopted the Universal declaration of Human Rights and called upon the different member nations to assure all the human rights to their people. December 10 thus became a historic day in the annals of the world history. As such this day, i. December 10 is therefore celebrated all over the world every year as Human Rights Day. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights enumerates two sets of human rights. The first set of rights is civil and political rights which include right to freedom of speech, right to life and liberty, right to equality before law, right to have judicial remedy, right to move freely and right to vote or take part in the governance of one's country.
The second set of rights is economic and social rights. These rights include right to work, right to have rest and leisure, right to have a good standard of living, right to education and right to have equal pay for equal work.
All the above rights are important in their own ways. The united Nation has taken a great deal of interest in abolition of discrimination against women. One of the most serious of violations of human rights is the case of racial discrimination. South Africa for example, had for quite some time practised a policy called Apartheid. As a result the black people who were in majority there had no political rights.
The rights and the freedoms of the citizens, and also their duties are an important social and political institution. The Declaration unites all the listed above elements into a legal international control of the defense of human rights becoming an essential socio-political document ever signed for the protection of the world. Child labour essay By placing such enforcements, pressure organizations invaluably contribute to the expansion of civil society based on ethical principles of respect, justice and human right priority.
In such a way, various pressure groups, media, and youth rights groups are fighting against dishonest companies and their suppliers to protect children from illegal exploitation.
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights essay The importance of level of morality of the universal declaration of human rights.
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights essay What is the main concept of the doctrine of human rights? How are human rights protected around the world?
Ananda is leading the NHRC at present. It has five members, of whom one must be a judge of the Supreme Court, another must be a Chief Justice of a State High Court, and two others must be chosen from among persons having knowledge of or practical experience in matters relating to Human Rights. The Chairperson and other members of the Commission shall hold office for a period of five years or till they attain the age of 70 years, whichever is earlier. The Commission enjoys autonomy from the method of appointment of its members, their fixity of tenure and other statutory guarantees so assured to them.
The Commission also enjoys financial autonomy. The Chairperson and the members of the Commission are removed from office by the President on the grounds of proved misbehaviour and in capacity on an inquiry conducted by the Supreme Court.
The Commission has its own investigating staff to investigate into complaints of human rights violation. It can also make use of the services of any officer of investigating agency of the Central or State Government.
A retired State Chief Secretary Sr. SM Patnaik has been taken as one of its members. While conducting inquiry into the complaints received by the Commission, it shall enjoy all powers of Civil Court trying a suit under the Code of Civil Procedure, The Commission can summon and enforce the attendance of witnesses, receive evidences on affidavits, requisition any public record, produce any document and issue Commissions for examination of any witness.
It may also hold its own inquiry, if no response is received from the concerned Government and Authority. After the inquiry is completed, the Commission may take any of the following appropriate steps: It is clear that the NHRC enjoys no power to take any binding decision.
It has to depend on other agencies like the Supreme Court or High Courts, or concerned Central and State Governments to enforce its recommendation. The Commission also faces several limitations. It has made Commendable work in matters like Police and Prison reforms, improvement of Juvenile Homes. Problems of refugees and emigrants and Kidnap victimization.
The Commission in the SLP has sought further investigation by an independent agency and has sprayed for setting aside the impugned judgement in the Best Bakery Case. The Times of India, August 1, The Sardarpura Case relates to the asphyxiated death of 33 people in a room in Sardarpura Village in Mehsana distinct. In the Golbarga society case, 39 people including Ex-MP. Ehsan Jafri were killed. The TOI, August 9, Here the role of the NHC has strengthened the cause of protection of human rights against arbitrary violation and miscarriage of justice, if only.
Its vigilance and alertness have enhanced public awareness of the importance of the Human Rights. It has taken note of promptly ensuring safeguard of rights. Through Seminars, workshops, and media- publicity, the Commission has educated Public and Government officials including Police, Jail, para-military and army-personnel to ensure effective promotion protection of human rights, keeping away all kinds of physical and mental torture.
Secondly, the NHRC has also encouraged NGOs to take up the cause of the poor and distressed in safe enjoyment of their rights as human beings. Thirdly, the Commission has left no stone unturned to make the Central and State Governments answerable accountable and responsive to all human rights issues and to take appropriate action against the human rights violators.
Fourthly, the Supreme Court and the High Courts have made significant contributions, through their directives issued to the Governments in PIL matters in addressing public grievances against violation of human rights caused by acts of State-arbitrariness and Government excess.
Search to find a specific human rights essay or browse from the list below: Appropriate Responses to Prisoner Hunger Strike Imprisonment and Human Rights Discuss the appropriate response to a prisoner who goes on hunger strike.
ADVERTISEMENTS: Introduction: Human rights are as old as human civilization; but their use and relevance have been well defined during the recent years. It has gathered more importance in the post-second-world war period, particularly after the United Nation’s .
Human rights are rights to certain claims and freedoms for all human beings all over the world. These rights, besides being fundamental and universal in character, assumed international dimension. These rights ensure to make man free. - Human Rights Essay Many people and nations around the world are deprived of human rights. The government in the countries or nations usually can not help the people being deprived. Either because the government is too poor to, it is not one of the things the government is looking into, or the government does not know or care.
Synopsis: Every human being is entitled to human rights such as right to live and exist, right to freedom, freedom from exploitation, equality before law, to have adequate standard of living etc. The UN adopted Universal Declaration of Human Rights in Rights have their corresponding duties. Human rights presuppose a rule of law and equality. Human Rights Law Essays. The selection of human rights law essays below have been submitted to us by students in order to help you with your studies. Please remember to reference downlwhopkd.cf if you wish to cite any of these essays in your own work.