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Writing a Conclusion

What is a conclusion

❶This includes "in summary" or "in closing. Note that it may be unnecessary for most papers.

Idea of a Research Paper Conclusion

Make Your Conclusion Effective
This article is a part of the guide:
How to start a conclusion

Any conclusion consists of a few elements, so you can choose different approaches depending on your agenda and the paper type. We decided to provide you with useful tips on what to do in order to make your conclusion effective, and what to avoid. Make sure that this part of the conclusion is concise and clear.

Usually, the restated topic is only one sentence long. It must be narrowed and focused on your topic. Remind your readers your key points. We suggest re-reading the whole body of your paper focusing on the most important arguments and facts. Note that it may be unnecessary for most papers. However, in some cases. Most often, you will need to just restate your topic and thesis statement. You have to address the future perspective of your research and the considered issue.

It may be a suggestion or a call to action. Note that this part of the introduction is not necessary. On the other hand, if your paper addresses some important social issues, the conclusion will only benefit from your thoughts about the possible use of your research and important needs in this area.

As we have mentioned above, the conclusion must summarize the paper. Provide a basic synthesis of everything stated before. While rephrasing your topic and thesis statement , try to connect them logically so that your conclusion will sound like a coherent single thought rather than a bunch of random ideas.

The best structure for a research paper includes an introduction and a conclusion which are linked to each other. Sometimes your paper may contain many different or even opposite points. The conclusion is a perfect place to form a single clear opinion on your issue. While restating your thesis statement, tell your readers whether you still believe it or results of the research pushed you to change your opinion.

If it seems impossible to give a clear answer now, tell your readers what further research is needed, or what actions may help answer this question in the future. Another way to create an impressive conclusion is to ask your readers instead of providing them with answers. However, note that such a creative approach may be inappropriate for some kinds of research papers. What is the primary idea the writer is attempting to convey to the reader?

This idea should be clearly stated in the conclusion. The conclusion to a research paper should revisit the core arguments offered by opposing points of view with a brief explanation of why the writer considers these arguments to be mistaken. Once again, it is important to focused and concise. The writer is not rewriting their paper in the conclusion, but only summarizing its main parts. A good rule of thumb for scholars is to remember that there is rarely any such thing as a settled argument when it comes to intellectual debates.

The writer might include a reference to additional questions they encountered while writing the paper or conducting the research. There might also be mention of aspects of the research and related questions that the writer feels the paper did not address effectively. This is one of many, many issues that are controversial among historians and political scientists. The United States finally withdrew all of its troops from Vietnam in This was an important event for the antiwar movement and for the American people.

The withdrawal occurred amidst the growing Watergate scandal, and served as one more indication of the failure of the Nixon presidency. The end of American involvement in Vietnam represented the culmination of the dedication given to their cause by the great many antiwar activists who participated in the movement.

It further represented a definitive moment in the generational conflict between young American and their elders that emerged during the s as American participation in the war escalated. This victory and the conflict from which it emerged would continue to shape American society and politics in the ensuing decades as conservative forces regrouped, and went on the offensive, resulting in the Reagan Revolution of the s. Notice that the above paragraph simply states an opinion.

It is not clear from this paragraph what the topic of the paper or its central thesis actually is. Nor is it clear how a thesis is supported by research and argument in the body of the paper. The paragraph conveys the impression that the debate concerning the issues involved is settled, and that there are no further ideas or questions that need to be addressed.

Lastly, the paragraph ends very abruptly and leaves the reader with the feeling that the paper is incomplete. For four decades, historians and political scientists have debated the degree to which the anti-Vietnam War movement was the catalyst that ultimately brought about the withdrawal of the United States from Vietnam in The highly visible and vocal antiwar movement of the period reflected this growing popular antiwar sentiment.

It has been argued that the militancy of many within the antiwar movement had an alienating effect on the wider body of the American public that actually diminished antiwar sentiment, and postponed the end of American involvement. However, research indicates the intensification of antiwar feelings among Americans actually expanded during precisely the time that the antiwar movement was taking a more militant turn.

Yet a legacy of this era was an escalation of cultural conflict that generated a conservative backlash during later decades. Further research is needed concerning the question of to what degree the Reagan Revolution of the s was an effective regrouping of conservative forces that suffered defeat during the Nixon presidency, and to what degree the growing conservative militancy of later years paralleled the militancy of the antiwar movement of the late s and early s.

Observe that the concluding paragraph provided above clearly restates the topic of the paper the role of the antiwar movement in ending American involvement in Vietnam. The thesis of the paper is also restated the growth of the antiwar movement reflected public opinion of the era.

Counterarguments are acknowledged the antiwar movement had an alienating effect on the general public that weakened antiwar sentiment.

The rebuttal to this argument is summarized in the paragraph, but questions raised by the debate are recognized and suggested as topics for further research. The conclusion should provide the reader with a sense of finality. The reader should feel that writer has made the point they wish to make, and supported their thesis by effectively arguing their case.

Ultius is the trusted provider of content solutions for consumers around the world. Go to Homepage current My Account my. Core offerings Browse by service type Start your search By selecting a service type. Research Paper Conclusion Step 9: Research Paper Rough Draft 1: Types of Papers 3: Works Cited Page Seven Common Conclusion Mistakes 1. Ending the paper in an abrupt manner. Ultius Writing Services Writing research papers can be hard, and Ultius is here to help.

Basic Features of a Conclusion 1. Basic Features of a Conclusion For four decades, historians and political scientists have debated the degree to which the anti-Vietnam War movement was the catalyst that ultimately brought about the withdrawal of the United States from Vietnam in Tested Daily Click to Verify.

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Well, you should feel comforted that there are easy ways to succeed in writing up the conclusion paragraph to your research paper. Idea of a Research Paper Conclusion Before you can write an effective conclusion paragraph, you need to understand its purpose.

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One or more of the following strategies may help you write an effective conclusion: Play the “So What” Game. Include a provocative insight or quotation from the research or reading you did for your paper. Propose a course of action, a solution to an issue, or questions for further study.

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For example, you don’t need to write it when writing a literary research, because you unlikely will find any possible call to action in this case. On the other hand, if your paper addresses some important social issues, the conclusion will only benefit from your thoughts about the possible use of your research and important needs in this area. How to write an effective conclusion for a research paper. Need help with writing a research paper? Get help. Writing a conclusion: hints and tricks. Make this guidance a part of writing a conclusion paper, and you will complete your task as successfully as possible. There is no need to invent new rules or seek help as we have already.

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A research paper that is very long, such as a dissertation or a graduate thesis, may need a conclusion that extends for several pages. However, the conclusion to paper that is written for an ordinary research assignment may need only a few paragraphs in order to generate an effective conclusion. Writing a conclusion is the final part of the research paper, drawing everything together and tying it into your initial research. This article is a part of the guide.