Bhagat Singh was immensely disturbed because of the Jalianwala Bagh massacre that occurred in On the day following the massacre, he went to the Jalianwala Bagh and collected some soil from the place to keep it as a souvenir.
This incident strengthened his will to push the British out of the country. His first step in this direction was to kill the British official, Saunders. Next, he threw bombs in the Central Assembly Hall during the assembly session.
He was subsequently arrested for his acts and was eventually hanged on 23 rd March along with Rajguru and Sukhdev. Bhagat Singh was all of 23 when he gladly martyred for the country and became an inspiration for the youth.
His heroic acts inspire the youth even today. Bhagat Singh is known to be one of the most influential freedom fighters. He was a part of several revolutionary activities and inspired numerous people around, especially the youth, to join the struggle for freedom. Bhagat Singh was among the youth who did not conform to the Gandhian style of fighting against the British.
He believed in the Extremist ways of the Lal-Bal-Pal. Singh studied the European revolutionary movement and was drawn towards anarchism and communism. He joined hands with those who believed in bringing about revolution by acting aggressively rather than using the method of non-violence.
With his ways of working, he came to be known as an atheist, communist and socialist. Bhagat Singh realised that merely driving out the British would not do good to the nation. He understood and advocated the fact that overthrowing of the British rule must be followed by the reconstruction of the Indian political system. He was of the opinion that the power must be given to the workers. Producers or labourers, in spite of being the most necessary element of society, are robbed by their exploiters of their labour and deprived of their elementary rights.
The capitalists and exploiters, the parasites of society, squander millions on their whims. This was in the year He then began working with Sohan Singh Josh and the Workers and Peasants Party and soon after felt the need of building an organization aimed at working as a revolutionary party in Punjab and worked in this direction.
He inspired people to join the struggle and free the country from the clutches of the British rule. Bhagat Singh was a true revolutionary who did all he could to overthrow the British rule and bring about reforms in the country. Though he died young, his ideologies remained alive and continued to drive people.
Bhagat Singh was born in Khatkar Kalan the place which is now a part of Pakistan , Punjab in the year Inspired by the family atmosphere, Bhagat Singh dived into the freedom struggle at the tender age of thirteen. His father supported Mahatma Gandhi and when the later called for boycotting government aided institutions, Singh was asked to leave school. Force when aggressively applied is 'violence' and is, therefore, morally unjustifiable, but when it is used in the furtherance of a legitimate cause, it has its moral justification.
The trial began in the first week of June, following a preliminary hearing in May. On 12 June, both men were sentenced to life imprisonment for: One key discrepancy concerns the automatic pistol that Singh had been carrying when he was arrested.
Some witnesses said that he had fired two or three shots while the police sergeant who arrested him testified that the gun was pointed downward when he took it from him and that Singh "was playing with it. Not long after this, the Saharanpur factory was also raided and some of the conspirators became informants.
With the new information available, the police were able to connect the three strands of the Saunders murder, Assembly bombing, and bomb manufacture. Singh was re-arrested for murdering Saunders and Chanan Singh based on substantial evidence against him, including statements by his associates, Hans Raj Vohra and Jai Gopal.
He considered himself, along with others, to be a political prisoner. He noted that he had received an enhanced diet at Delhi which was not being provided at Mianwali. He led other Indian, self-identified political prisoners he felt were being treated as common criminals in a hunger strike. They demanded equality in food standards, clothing, toiletries, and other hygienic necessities, as well as access to books and a daily newspaper. They argued that they should not be forced to do manual labour or any undignified work in the jail.
The hunger strike inspired a rise in public support for Singh and his colleagues from around June The Tribune newspaper was particularly prominent in this movement and reported on mass meetings in places such as Lahore and Amritsar. The government had to apply Section of the criminal code in an attempt to limit gatherings. Jawaharlal Nehru met Singh and the other strikers in Mianwali jail. After the meeting, he stated:. I was very much pained to see the distress of the heroes.
They have staked their lives in this struggle. They want that political prisoners should be treated as political prisoners. I am quite hopeful that their sacrifice would be crowned with success. Muhammad Ali Jinnah spoke in support of the strikers in the Assembly, saying:. The man who goes on hunger strike has a soul.
He is moved by that soul, and he believes in the justice of his cause The government tried to break the strike by placing different food items in the prison cells to test the prisoners' resolve.
Water pitchers were filled with milk so that either the prisoners remained thirsty or broke their strike; nobody faltered and the impasse continued. The authorities then attempted force-feeding the prisoners but this was resisted. Singh was transported to Borstal Jail, Lahore,  and the trial began there on 10 July In addition to charging them with the murder of Saunders, Singh and the 27 other prisoners were charged with plotting a conspiracy to murder Scott, and waging a war against the King.
The government was beginning to make concessions but refused to move on the core issue of recognising the classification of "political prisoner". In the eyes of officials, if someone broke the law then that was a personal act, not a political one, and they were common criminals. The Jail committee recommended his unconditional release, but the government rejected the suggestion and offered to release him on bail.
On 13 September , Das died after a day hunger strike. Mohammad Alam and Gopi Chand Bhargava resigned from the Punjab Legislative Council in protest, and Nehru moved a successful adjournment motion in the Central Assembly as a censure against the "inhumane treatment" of the Lahore prisoners.
Singh's attention now turned to his trial, where he was to face a Crown prosecution team comprising C. Prem Dutt Verma, the youngest amongst the 27 accused, threw his slipper at Gopal when he turned and became a prosecution witness in court.
As a result, the magistrate ordered that all the accused should be handcuffed. This was a setback for Singh as he could no longer use the trial as a forum to publicise his views. To speed up the slow trial, the Viceroy, Lord Irwin, declared an emergency on 1 May and introduced an ordinance to set up a special tribunal composed of three high court judges for the case.
This decision cut short the normal process of justice as the only appeal after the tribunal was to the Privy Council located in England. On 2 July , a habeas corpus petition was filed in the High Court challenging the ordinance on the grounds that it was ultra vires and, therefore, illegal; the Viceroy had no powers to shorten the customary process of determining justice.
However, the petition was dismissed as being premature. Carden-Noad presented the government's charges of conducting robberies, and the illegal acquisition of arms and ammunition among others.
Hamilton Harding, the Lahore superintendent of police, shocked the court. He stated that he had filed the first information report against the accused under specific orders from the chief secretary to the governor of Punjab and that he was unaware of the details of the case.
The prosecution depended mainly on the evidence of P. On 10 July , the tribunal decided to press charges against only 15 of the 18 accused and allowed their petitions to be taken up for hearing the next day.
The trial ended on 30 September The ordinance and the tribunal would lapse on 31 October as it had not been passed by the Central Assembly or the British Parliament. On 7 October , the tribunal delivered its page judgement based on all the evidence and concluded that the participation of Singh, Sukhdev, and Rajguru in Saunder's murder was proven. They were sentenced to death by hanging.
In Punjab province , a defence committee drew up a plan to appeal to the Privy Council. Singh was initially against the appeal but later agreed to it in the hope that the appeal would popularise the HSRA in Britain. The appellants claimed that the ordinance which created the tribunal was invalid while the government countered that the Viceroy was completely empowered to create such a tribunal.
The appeal was dismissed by Judge Viscount Dunedin. After the rejection of the appeal to the Privy Council, Congress party president Madan Mohan Malviya filed a mercy appeal before Irwin on 14 February While returning Gandhiji asked me if he could talk about the case of Bhagat Singh because newspapers had come out with the news of his slated hanging on March 24th.
It would be a very unfortunate day because on that day the new president of the Congress had to reach Karachi and there would be a lot of hot discussion. I explained to him that I had given a very careful thought to it but I did not find any basis to convince myself to commute the sentence. It appeared he found my reasoning weighty. The Communist Party of Great Britain expressed its reaction to the case:. The history of this case, of which we do not come across any example in relation to the political cases, reflects the symptoms of callousness and cruelty which is the outcome of bloated desire of the imperialist government of Britain so that fear can be instilled in the hearts of the repressed people.
Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev were sentenced to death in the Lahore conspiracy case and ordered to be hanged on 24 March The schedule was moved forward by 11 hours and the three were hanged on 23 March at 7: It is reported that no magistrate at the time was willing to supervise Singh's hanging as was required by law.
The execution was supervised instead by an honorary judge, who also signed the three death warrants, as their original warrants had expired. Singh's trial has been described by the Supreme Court as "contrary to the fundamental doctrine of criminal jurisprudence" because there was no opportunity for the accused to defend themselves. The executions were reported widely by the press, especially as they took place on the eve of the annual convention of the Congress party at Karachi.
A reign of terror in the city of Cawnpore in the United Provinces and an attack on Mahatma Gandhi by a youth outside Karachi were among the answers of the Indian extremists today to the hanging of Bhagat Singh and two fellow-assassins.
Hartals and strikes of mourning were called. While dissociating itself from and disapproving of political violence in any shape or form, this Congress places on record its admiration of the bravery and sacrifice of Bhagat Singh, Sukh Dev and Raj Guru and mourns with their bereaved families the loss of these lives. The Congress is of the opinion that their triple execution was an act of wanton vengeance and a deliberate flouting of the unanimous demand of the nation for commutation.
This Congress is further of the opinion that the [British] Government lost a golden opportunity for promoting good-will between the two nations, admittedly held to be crucial at this juncture, and for winning over to methods of peace a party which, driven to despair, resorts to political violence. Bhagat Singh and his two associates have been hanged. The Congress made many attempts to save their lives and the Government entertained many hopes of it, but all has been in a vain.
Bhagat Singh did not wish to live. He refused to apologise, or even file an appeal. Bhagat Singh was not a devotee of non-violence, but he did not subscribe to the religion of violence. He took to violence due to helplessness and to defend his homeland. In his last letter, Bhagat Singh wrote, " I have been arrested while waging a war. For me there can be no gallows. Put me into the mouth of a cannon and blow me off.
Let us bow to them a thousand times for their heroism. But we should not imitate their act. In our land of millions of destitute and crippled people, if we take to the practice of seeking justice through murder, there will be a terrifying situation. Our poor people will become victims of our atrocities.
By making a dharma of violence, we shall be reaping the fruit of our own actions. Hence, though we praise the courage of these brave men, we should never countenance their activities. Our dharma is to swallow our anger, abide by the discipline of non-violence and carry out our duty. There have been suggestions that Gandhi had an opportunity to stop Singh's execution but refrained from doing so.
Another theory is that Gandhi actively conspired with the British to have Singh executed. You can modify the content as per your requirements as speeches and essays have different structures. My life has been dedicated to the noblest cause, that of the freedom of the country. Therefore, there is no rest or worldly desire that can lure me now. Just a imagine a boy in his twenties determined to sacrifice his life for the motherland. Bhagat Singh is the epitome of patriotism and love for the motherland.
He was fearless and highly versatile in his work. His father and uncle were the active participants in the independence movements and Bhagat Singh was greatly influenced by them.
At the age of 12, he visited the Jaliyanwala Baug Massacre in where thousands of unarmed people were killed under the command of Colonel Reginald Dyer.
Soon in he joined National College in Lahore and started taking interest in the movements against the British Government. To avoid an arranged marriage he left his home, leaving a letter behind from which his love for his country can be seen. To disperse the crowd the superintendent of police, James A. Scott , ordered the lathi charge the protesters Lala Lajpat Rai, who was injured and later died of a heart attack on 17 November
Bhagat Singh is considered to be one of the most influential revolutionaries of the Indian Independence Movement. Bhagat Singh was born on September 27, , in a Sikh family in KhatkarKalan, Punjab, in British India. His grandfather Arjan Singh, father Kishan Singh and uncleAjit Singh, were all active in the freedom struggle.
Bhagat Singh was a prominent freedom fighter and an inspirational icon in the Indian freedom struggle. He gave a new direction to the National Movement against the British rule. He gave a new direction to the National Movement against the British rule.
Bhagat Singh Essay – 5 ( words) Popularly referred to as Shaheed Bhagat Singh, this outstanding revolutionary was born as Bhaganwala on the 28 th of September, in a Sandhu Jat family in Punjab’s Jullunder Doab district. He joined the struggle for freedom at an early age and died a martyr at a young age of Mar 11, · Tips for Essay on Bhagat Singh Double check the facts and stats in your information such as important figures, dates, and persons. If you are not able to remember a word, simply use the synonyms for that word/5(11).
Bhagat Singh was an iconic Indian revolutionary who is considered as one of the most influential figures during the Indian Freedom Movement. He was born in to Kishan Singh and Vidyavati in the Punjab Province. Siddharth played the role of Bhagat singh in the film Rang De Basanti, a film drawing parallels between revolutionaries of Bhagat Singh's era and modern Indian youth. Gurdas Mann played the role of Singh in Shaheed Udham Singh, a .