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Research Methods in Tourism: Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches. By Larry Dwyer.

❶The sample reflects the characteristics of the population from which it is drawn.




This type of research is called a census study because data is gathered on every member of the population. Usually, the population is too large for the researcher to attempt to survey all of its members.

A small, but carefully chosen sample can be used to represent the population. The sample reflects the characteristics of the population from which it is drawn. Sampling methods are classified as either probability or non probability. For the quantitative research it is highly essential representative sample; where reflects the population completely so that conclusion can be done. To envoy the whole population sample should be big enough.

On the basis of population types we need to be more cautious to selecting the sample size. The process of data collection is to collecting appropriate data about the research from particular population.

There are various way of data collections method such as interviews, questionnaires, group interviews or conference and observation. The advantage of questionnaire method is cost effectual, simple association and straightforward analysis predominantly in a quantitative research. The objective of the qualitative research is to gain qualitative understanding of the underlying reasons and motivations of the issue in hand. The procedures of qualitative research are classified either as direct or indirect, based on whether the true purpose of the research is known to the respondents.

A direct approach is not disguised. The purpose of the project is disclosed to the respondents or is otherwise obvious to them from the questions asked. Focus groups and in-depth interviews are the main direct techniques. An indirect approach disguises the true purpose of the research. Projective techniques, the commonly used indirect techniques, consist of association, completion, construction and expressive techniques. The quantitative primary data in descriptive research. Both these methods require some procedure for standardizing the data collection process so that the data obtained are internally consistent and can be analysed in a uniform and coherent manner.

A standard questionnaire or form will ensure comparability of the data, increase speed and accuracy of recording and facilitate data processing. A questionnaire is a formalized set of questions for obtaining information from respondents. Any questionnaire has three specific objectives.

This objective is challenging. In designing the questionnaire, the researcher should strive to minimise respondent fatigue, boredom and effort to minimise incompleteness and non-response. Response error is defined as the error that arises when respondents give inaccurate answers or their answers are misreported or misanalyses. Specify the information needed; once the research problem is well defined and the objectives of the research are well set, the information needed to serve reaching the objectives have to be specified.

A clear idea of the target population is also essential, since, more diversified the respondent group; the more difficult is to design a single questionnaire appropriate for entire group.

Specify the type of interviewing method; how the questionnaire is going to be administered influences the questionnaire design. If the respondents see the questionnaire and interact face to face with the interviewer, then lengthy, complex and varied questions can be asked.

In telephone interview, the questions have to he short and simple. If the questionnaires are mailed to the respondents, the questions must be simple and detailed instructions must be provided. Determine the content of individual questions; Questionnaire should contribute to the information needed. If there is no satisfactory use for the data resulting from a question, that question should be eliminated.

Once the researcher decides that a question is necessary, he or she must decide whether this question alone could fetch the required information or double barrelled questions are required to achieve the needed information. The research should be well organized to find out the appropriate data. In this research we have chosen the issues to tourist destinations tourism problems and prospects.

Bangladesh tourism development and its barriers of the growth on tourism are our topics. On this study we will attempt to answer the following questions:. Before doing a research it is highly masseur the excepted outcomes or objective of the research.

The aim and objectives of the study are given below:. The main objective of data analysis is to facts, identify patterns, build up explanations and test hypothesis. Various methods can be using for data analysis such as content analysis, thematic analysis, theoretical sampling, grounded theory etc. The aim of data analysis is to emphasize crucial information and advocate conclusions which help in result making processes.

Data analysis is a process that aims to describe facts, identify patterns, develop explanations and test hypothesis. All of these help to highlight vital information and recommend conclusions which help in decision making processes. Data can be analysed using various methods such as content analysis, theoretical sampling, thematic analysis, grounded theory etc. Grounded theory was discovered by Glaser and Strauss as a method of analyzing data, it is a systematic analysis of data that aims to develop a higher level of understanding or generate theories regarding a social phenomenon.

University students are expected to refer to the work of other authors to support the ideas. You need to reference information from books, articles, videos, web sites, images, computers and any other sources. Harvard referencing style is now the most popular and standard for use in the University research.

Reading lists in course handbooks should follow this style of referencing. The Harvard system has increased in popularity over the years and has the advantage of being flexible, clear and easy to use without the need for footnotes and chapter references as used in other systems. To exhibit the body of knowledge on which you have based your work and enable other readers to trace your sources and lead them on to further information.

During my research works, I need many references and it is essential that to record as much detail as possible and be sure the information is exact. This will save you time later when re-tracing references or when you need to incorporate a reference into the bibliography. Proper referencing will enable the reader to do their further study on different related issues. This research study will draw attention to the core problems and investigate key reasons for downwards trends of tourism industry in Bangladesh.

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Periyar University Mba Books solved. Andhra University Mba Books. Fakir Mohan University blis notes. Each chapter is structured to provide information on: Handbook of Research Methods in Tourism will appeal to social scientists, students as well as researchers in tourism who use quantitative and qualitative research techniques. It takes a rigorous yet readable style to address twenty five of the most pertinent quantitative and qualitative techniques applied in tourism research.

The book will appeal to a wider readership of social scientists as well as to scholars of tourism as each chapter provides a thorough overview and explanation of the techniques irrespective of their tourism application.

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The actual significance of research design is to direct the way of data collection procedure and examine the data in order to response for recognized research problem(s); but, the research methodology is to illustrates how something would be done.

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A mixed method research can be defined in several definitions which have emerged over time incorporating various elements of methods, research processes, and philosophy and research design. Croswell and Clark [ 2] outline mixed methods as the combination of ‘qualitative and quantitative approach in the methodology of study.’.

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Jan 03,  · The chapters in Handbook of Research Methods in Tourism: Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches address the most important established and emerging qualitative and quantitative research methods in downlwhopkd.cf book comprises 25 chapters each devoted to a different research method. Each chapter is structured . This exploratory article attempts to highlight some areas of tourism research which are believed to lack sufficient methodological sophistication.

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Tourism Research Methods. research is a pure research  It is useful for specific issues  The Knowledge is expressed in general laws, theories or models. In induction repeated observations and analysis of data leads to the formulation of theories or models that links these observation in a meaningful way.5/5(1). tourism related research issues, approaches and techniques. The result is what we hope is a tourism research book that provides a fresh perspective by integrating theory with practice while considering a wide range of research issues.