According to Talcott Person in society, men play the instrumental role while women play the expressive role in society as cited by Thio and Taylor The instrumental role involves the performance of a task, that is, going out to work and make money, while the expressive role involves bearing, nursing and caring for children Thio and Taylor ; Money et al The Feminist objected to this characterization of limiting women to expressive roles as dysfunctional and not idealistic for both men and women in society Anderson and Taylor Most Feminist theories argue that in a contemporary society where men take on expressive roles of housework and the women go outside to work and earn money increases gender equality and lower divorce rate Thio and Taylor Conflict theory view is derived from the inspirational work of Karl Marx and emphasizes on the importance of structures within society.
This theory views society from a conflict perspective and gives high attention to race, gender, social class and age because they are seen as the main factors in the enduring struggles in society Anderson and Taylor According to Money et al conflict theories focuses on issues of alienation and meaninglessness in the social system.
Conflict theory differs from the Functionalist theory because it pays particular attention to class inequality and conflict and not consensus in society Jones Conflict theory emphasise that education plays a major role in maintaining the power, economic and social positions of the dominant groups in society ballantine and spade The conflict perspective view education as a system that promotes inequality and unequal distribution of people into different jobs.
They argue that the educational system is being used by the dominant powerful groups in society to impose their beliefs and values on the less privileged in society. This simply means that education benefits a certain group in society. This theory assumes that issues of power, inequality and struggle are based on divisions in society not merit.
Conflict theory on Gender Inequality. Conflict theory emphasize that the disadvantage of women in society is not based on their expressive roles but by their exploitation by men and the capitalist class Thio and Taylor ; Brinkerhoff et al They argue that women are disadvantaged by the power inequalities already built into the social structures of politics, wages and social systems, and preventing women from gaining access to these social structures becomes advantageous to men Anderson and Taylor Also, men can remain dominant in society if they maintain their status quo prevent women from reaching and developing their potential.
This view is seen by many as the traditional division of labour and a very good example of this theory can be traced to Afghanistan where the Taliban banned women and girls from going to school or work outside the home. The conflict theory gives a lot of of attention to sexual exploitation as one of the main reasons for gender inequality in society and sexism and discrimination are the two major concepts that explain how gender inequality benefits men and the capitalist Thio and Taylor ; Brinkerhoff et al Symbolic interactionism is used for the study of human group life and human conduct Blumer According to Blumer human beings act towards things that have meanings to them and that the meaning of such things arises from the social interactions of individuals with each other.
Symbolic interactionism assumes that the meanings that human beings attach to things are central in life. George Herbert Mead is believed to be the founder of symbolic interactionism and later improved on by Herbert Blumer. Symbolic interactionist theory assumes that humans use symbolic communication to interact. This approach looks at how human beings perceive and respond to each other as social symbols Ahmad The symbolic interactionism view of education seeks to explain what arises from the interaction process during schooling.
This simply means that the symbolic interactionism is concerned with face to face interactions and focuses on the meaning that arises in the interaction between student and teacher. It also focuses on the role this meaning play on human behaviour and learning abilities Anderson and Taylor Unlike the conflict theory that focuses on education and inequality the symbolic interactionism focuses on how the schooling experience affects students self development and aspirations Kendell Kendell also mentioned labelling by symbolic interactionist as a process relating to power and status of those who label individuals and the individuals who are being labelled.
The symbolic interactionist assumes that in schools teachers use the labelling method to labell students through grades, classroom behaviour, IQ Test and placement in classes. Symbolic interactionism theory on Gender Inequality. Functionalism and conflict theory focus on the institutional structures of society to explain gender inequality.
However, the symbolic interactionism focuses on the direct social interactions to understand gender relations in society Anderson and Taylor This theory assumes that the interaction between men and women reinforces gender inequality. According to symbolic interaction theory when men interact with women it reflects their inequality in society Thio and Taylor The symbolic interactionism focuses on gender socialization, that is, how men and women act the way they do and according to Money et al through the gender socialization process, both men and women learn the meanings associated with being masculine and feminine.
Gender and attainment focuses on the level and tendency to which boys and girls study and perform in different subjects given the choice in education. Gender can be said to be the social, psychological and cultural attributes of masculinity and feminity that are based on biological distinction Chuku According to the European Commission women has greatly increased their educational attainment in traditionally male dominated subjects and surpassing men in general levels of attainment in public exams.
Historically females have faced serious obstacles within the educational system in UK, preventing them from achieving their level of educational attainment. One of the key reasons for introducing the comprehensive schools system in the s was to reduce the gender inequalities in educational attainment Heath and Jacobs Many studies by educational researchers have shown that boys are now lagging behind in educational attainment.
A recent study carried out by the Guardian show that girls are ahead of boys at GCSE with a record achievement gap. According to the Guardian this created a record gap of 6. Many researchers in education have attached the poor attainment of boys to lower income groups and that the gender attainment gap in education between boys and girls cuts across social classes and ethnicity in UK.
Although the attainment gap for social class and ethnicity is greater than those for gender, its interplay with social class and ethnicity impact on the performance of boys and girls DCSF Key policy developments in education provision designed to bridge the gap of gender inequality in British education. Equality in education has been a major target of the British government policy marking since the early part of the twentieth century. From the Education Act to the s which established education at different levels to eradicate class and gender inequalities.
As a result of the feminist movement of the s there was an increase in gender and racial equality Salisbury and Riddell These issues relating to education were identified by the then equal opportunities commission to include; challenging gender issues in subject choices, pupil attainment and sexual bullying in schools. These Gender equality issues in education has been addressed through a series of legislative and policy frameworks that include the sex discrimination Act of , as amended in This Act makes it unlawful to discriminate against women in educational institutions or in the admission process to an educational institution.
The equality Act replaced the sex discrimination Act of and placed a duty on all public authorities to promote equality between men and women and also to eliminate discrimination and harassment.
Education plays a crucial role in the socialization process, schools, colleges and universities are socializing agencies where children relates to teachers and fellow students and learn how to live in groups and obey authority. This essay has been able to show that gender inequalities in education are socially constructed and there has been a growing gap between the average attainment of boys and girls in education.
It should be remembered, however, that the underachievement of boys is not consistent across some subjects and girls also face a range of barriers too in fulfilling their potential. The fight for gender equality in education and attainment all over the world and in the UK is as a result of efforts made by various feminist movements, non-governmental organisations, United Nations, government policies etc.
All these assisted to engineer gender equality in education and women liberation and empowerment. From this essay it can be concluded that education acts as an agent for political and cultural transmission and social control.
The three main sociological theories of education and gender inequality have different approaches and different views on the role of education in society and gender inequality. However, these theories indicate that schooling helps transmit a certain type of culture and helps maintain the political and social systems in a society.
Role of education in society. Accessed September 14, We will write a custom essay sample on Role of education in society specifically for you. Leave your email and we will send you an example after 24 hours For instance, a farmer may not able to analyze the fertility of the soil and determine the type of the crops that are to be grown. In olden times, in the absence of research, people used to pray to the rain gods for a good harvest.
Therefore, education is necessary to remove the different evils of the society. Education helps in evolution: Education plays an important role in the evolution of human life. Television became the household commodity in the 20th century while internet took over in 21st. Advancement in technology is only possible due to the education. Ignorant people are not able to understand the logic behind the natural phenomenon and are not able to develop a vision for the future.
Through the use of educating, we come to know about the different cultures and traditions in the world. It helps people to become more tolerant of each other. Wide exposure enhances the knowledge base of the individuals and prepares them to face the challenges of life in a better manner. In olden times, due to sheer ignorance, foreign travel was considered an unholy activity and people had to undergo a purification process. Education plays a very important role in decision making by gaining feedback from others.
A logical person would plan accordingly before starting any business venture. If you are learned and knowledgeable, it is easier to plan the economic activity and determine whether it is profitable. Importance of technology in education. Health is wealth is an old adage but the proverb holds a lot of meaning in modern times.
People are now aware of the benefits of the vegetables and fruits however in past they were ignorant due to lack of education. As they are able to read, it is possible to view the blogs related to health on the internet. More and more people know how fresh food provides vitamins and minerals to improve the immune system of the body.
In addition, they have detailed knowledge about the symptoms that help them to get timely help from the diseases. Using new techniques to improve productivity: Education is essential to incorporate new techniques to improve the productivity of the employees. For instance, if the workers are not educated, they cannot use the machines which would help to boost the production. In other works, you have to be knowledgeable and skilled in a particular stream to perform various tasks in the modern world.
Farmers should also update their knowledge about the new methods of irrigation to make agriculture more effective. As people become more informed, they know what is right and what is wrong. Hence, the society in all likelihood would not resort to wars however ignorance breeds prejudices and hatred. Medieval and the first as well second world wars are the result of biased thinking due to lack of modern and rational education. Working in a cross-cultural environment: An illiterate person may not be able to migrate to an alien land and work with the natives however educated people would take it up as a challenge and do everything to achieve success.
It is a wonderful attitude that develops due to the accumulation of knowledge perfectly capable of removing the darkness of ignorance. Growth of the country: Educated society develops quickly because they are not bounded by the narrow realms of caste, creed, and religion.
Instead, it focuses on the problems that hamper daily living. The government elected by the educated citizens service the nation rather than ruling it. A corruption free society is only possible when people are blessed with the true knowledge of life. Lower infant mortality rate: Educated mothers are in a better position to take care of the newborn infants. They consume nutritious food and supplements for the child so that he or she is born healthy.
Mother listens to get doctors advice and gets her kids immunized to prevent the occurrence of life-threatening diseases. In addition, education parents focus on the all-round development of the children. Education is responsible for achieving the goals in life: An ignorant individual would never be able to plan and achieve success. It is only possible with the help of sustained education at different levels. Without the capability to read, write and think, human life is no better than an animal.
Knowledge provides numerous means to the people to accomplish the goals. For instance, if you want to become a successful entrepreneur, it is necessary to get an education about the relevant business domain. Child attending schools are taught under the supervision of capable teachers.
They understand the essence of life and gain invaluable knowledge about their surroundings. Fostering basic principles of humanity and reasoning, the modern education is an eye opener for every person on earth. In short, a balanced life and reputed standing in society is only possible with the shining light of knowledge.
This essay is also available in Spanish. I took the inspiration for this essay from ThePensters. They can help you in essay writing along with the educational process. There is no doubt education is really important for humans.
And I truly agree to your statement that education is not limited to age. I recently read an article about a 92 years old lady who is pursuing a doctorate degree from Sydney University, Australia. Her name is Lis Kirkby.
You can Google her name to know more about her. Yes, because Education is the key to success. I hope you learn something about what I said it is short but brief.?? A saying is that-wisdom is worshiped everywhere but king is not…….
It is really awesome that education is very necessary. And they told the importance of education. Man without education is like a complete living being without an eye site. Education is very important to because it makes our future bright. Education begin at the knees of a mother. Education is a must for every living being. It is true that there is no life without education. Well thanks for providing us a short and sweat essay on such a great topic.
Nice Essay I am thankful to the writer of this essay. I prepared my assignment with the help of this essay. Was a very pleasing and soothing explanation on education. Explained all basic and necessity thing that a educated man has. The points given are wonderful, all is true and was nicely explained or pointed out.
Education as stated has not only one but many more advantages and gifts to an individual and to the society itself, education produces knowledge that when honed can become a sustainable competitive advantage of an individual and of a company. This essay is a truly powerful one. A man without education, Life is incomplete. The story of LIS is very inspiring. This showed me that education has no age limit. Eduction is a thing which is very important for our life.
When we take risk then we will get education. Education is an essential human virtue, a necessity of society, basis of good life and sign of freedom. Education is important for integration of separate entities. So, why all such words come from people around you?
What is the importance of education in our life? Forget about it for a while! First, do you know what education really is?
Well, the education is not limited to schools or colleges only, nor it is limited to age.
Essay on the role of education in society. Education, has a great social importance specially in the modern, complex industrialised societies. Philosophers of all periods, beginning with ancient stages, devoted to it a great deal of attention.
Education helps in evolution: Education plays an important role in the evolution of human life. Television became the household commodity in the 20th century while internet took over in 21st. Television became the household commodity in the 20th century while internet took over in 21st.
Education and Stratification. For Marx and his followers, education is an important mechanism for the reinforcement and perpetuation of social stratification system. In contemporary societies, education is an important source of attaining a future higher social and economic position. The Importance of Education Essay - An education is something that one can keep for a lifetime. Acquiring a good education can affect one’s personal life, one’s community, and one’s entire generation. The only person who truly controls how educated I am, is me.
Accordingly, Kay () states that an education assistant can only be successful in their role if they understand and clarify their individual responsibilities as they move from class to class. The essay discusses the importance of the role of an education assistant and the challenges they face. Education is a process that involves the transfer of knowledge, habits and skills from one generation to another through teaching, research and training. It can be in a formal or informal setting. Formal education involves institutionalized learning based on a curriculum.