Most websites revolve around a topic or theme. There are news websites, sports, research, shopping, and many other types of websites. Note that many sources have citation structures for their online versions e. Check the other formats on this page to see if there is a specific citation type in an online format that matches your source. Title of web page [Format]. Only include information about the format in brackets if the website is a unique type of document, such as a PDF.
The first free wireless plan is finally here. Only italicize the title if it stands alone such as a singular online document or complete report. A tweet is a post that is made on the social media site, Twitter. Year, Month Day of Posting. Text of tweet [Tweet]. The Patriots are always many moves ahead of every other NFL team. YouTube is a popular website that displays videos that are uploaded by individuals and companies.
Video title [Video file]. When I grow up [Video file]. Musical recordings are musical audio clips, songs, or albums. Many are found online and listened to digitally. Song title [Recorded by F. On Album title [Audio file]. Only include the information about the individual or band who performs the song if it is different than the name of the author, or songwriter. Red Hot Chili Peppers. On Stadium arcadium [Audio file].
We suggest following the book format when citing sheet music. After the title of the piece, indicate that you are citing sheet music by way of using a descriptor like [Sheet music], [Libretto], or [Musical score]. One major difference between a book and sheet music is that sheet music is written by a composer, not an author.
You can specify this fact if you would like, by formatting the beginning of the citation like this: Or, treat the composer like an author by not including the word composer in parentheses. Additionally, sheet music can come as individual work or it can be part of a collection or book.
Fur Elise [Sheet music]. Title of film [Format]. The format is placed in brackets directly after the title. It can be either DVD, video file, or another medium that the film is found on. Looking for a free APA citation creator? To cite an individual television episode or radio podcast or broadcast streamed online, use the following structure: Title of individual episode or podcast [Television series episode or podcast]. Simple explanation [Television series episode].
Attanasio Producer , House, M. Title of television series or podcast series [Television series or podcast series]. Game of thrones, season 7 [Television series]. The EasyBib citation builder automatically cites your TV, radio broadcast, and podcast sources for you! A thesis is a document submitted to earn a degree at a university. A dissertation is a document submitted to earn an advanced degree, such as a doctorate, at a university.
Many theses and dissertations can be found on databases. For this specific source type, include the name of the database in the citation. Retrieved from Database Title. Order number or Accession number. Viral structures in literature and new media Doctoral dissertation. If the thesis or dissertation is found on a website, use this structure: Pedagogical practices in the teaching of English language in secondary public schools in Parker County Doctoral dissertation.
Title of conference paper. Paper presented at the meeting of Name of Organization, Place of Meeting. Reference lists only include works that can be found by the reader. Instead, a personal interview should be referenced as a parenthetical citation.
Smith, personal communication, June 18, If you would like to include a personal interview as part of your reference list, then include the interviewee, the date of the interview, and the type of interview.
Year, Month Day of Interview. Last name [Format of Interview]. Apps are often used on digital devices such smartphones, tablets, and wearables such as smartwatches. Apps are downloaded from an app store by the user. Some apps correlate with a website and some apps stand alone.
Year version was published. Encyclopedias are reference works that focus on a specific discipline or they may contain information about all general topics. Encyclopedias are often organized in alphabetical order and contain entries, which are brief overviews, of a topic. In Title of dictionary Version. In Oxford English living dictionary. Click here to learn more about crediting sources.
An abstract is a summary of a scholarly article or scientific study. You may come across abstracts while researching a topic. What is the difference between Tables and Figures?
Tables are used to present quantitative data or statistical results of analyses. Examples of quantitative data are population, age, frequency, etc. Figures on the other hand come in different forms. These could be graphs, images or illustrations other than tables. Figures are commonly used to show a particular trend, or to compare results of experiments with respect to constant and changing variables. Understandably, it can be overwhelming to compile a paper that conforms to all these rules!
But remember that when in doubt you can always consult your supervisor, who will have more insight about the writing conventions in your field. Reading published papers that are similar to yours will likewise give you some insight into the correct layout. Check out our quiz-page with tests about:. Retrieved Sep 14, from Explorable. The text in this article is licensed under the Creative Commons-License Attribution 4. You can use it freely with some kind of link , and we're also okay with people reprinting in publications like books, blogs, newsletters, course-material, papers, wikipedia and presentations with clear attribution.
Check Out the Official Book Learn how to construct, style and format an Academic paper and take your skills to the next level. Read More also available as ebook.
This article is a part of the guide: Select from one of the other courses available: Don't miss these related articles:. Basic Rules Reference List: Articles in Periodicals Reference List: Other Print Sources Reference List: Electronic Sources Reference List: Organization and Structure Graduate Writing Workshops: Introductions Graduate Writing Workshops: Literature Reviews Graduate Writing Workshops: Style Graduate Writing Workshops:
APA Sample Paper. Media File: APA Sample Paper. This resource is enhanced by an Acrobat PDF file. Download the free Acrobat Reader. APA Style. APA Style Introduction; APA Overview and Workshop; APA Formatting and Style Guide. General Format; In-Text Citations: The Basics;.
APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 6 th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page.
The APA writing style has evolved through time and several changes have been adapted in response to the electronic information age. What follows are some useful pointers for those of you who have been asked to write a paper using the APA format. In general, your paper should follow these formatting guidelines. APA Paper Formatting & Style Guidelines Your teacher may want you to format your paper using APA guidelines. If you were told to create your citations in APA format, your paper should be formatted using the APA guidelines as well. General guidelines: Use white 8 ½ x 11” paper. Make [ ].
42 SAMPLE PAPERS EFFECTS OF AGE ON DETECTION OF EMOTION 3 Effects of Age on Detection of Emotional Information Frequently, people encounter situations in their environment in which it is impossible to. Section of the APA manual (American Psychological Association [APA], ) has additional information about the abstract. The abstract is important because many journal readers first read the abstract to determine if the entire article is worth reading. The Writing a Paper in APA Style.