APA recommends that your title be no more than 12 words in length and that it should not contain abbreviations or words that serve no purpose. Your title may take up one or two lines. All text on the title page, and throughout your paper, should be double-spaced.
Beneath the title, type the author's name: Do not use titles Dr. Beneath the author's name, type the institutional affiliation , which should indicate the location where the author s conducted the research. Begin a new page. Your abstract page should already include the page header described above.
Beginning with the next line, write a concise summary of the key points of your research. Your abstract should contain at least your research topic, research questions, participants, methods, results, data analysis, and conclusions. You may also include possible implications of your research and future work you see connected with your findings.
Your abstract should be a single paragraph, double-spaced. Your abstract should be between and words. You may also want to list keywords from your paper in your abstract. To do this, indent as you would if you were starting a new paragraph, type Keywords: Listing your keywords will help researchers find your work in databases. The page template for the new OWL site does not include contributors' names or the page's last edited date.
However, select pages, like the Citation Style Chart , still include this information. Purdue Online Writing Lab. Contributors' names Last edited date. Common Words that Sound Alike Numbers: Text Elements Visual Rhetoric: Process and Materials Overview: An Introduction Researching Programs: Practical Considerations Researching Programs: Drafting Your Statement Statements of Purpose: The Basics In-Text Citations: Basic Rules Reference List: Articles in Periodicals Reference List: You are always on the save side with P rof E ssays.
Click here to place your order. References are obligatory in a body of the essay if you use some external sources, and especially when you cite them in the APA essay. In-text references are used instead of footnotes in APA format. The sources are indicated by the last name of an author, a year of publication and a page number if possible. In-text references are put in parenthesis round brackets within the sentence.
Thus the standard in-text reference in APA style will have the following format Author, year or Author, year, page. But there may be variations:. If you are referring to an idea from another work, summarize it findings, or tell about the authors viewpoint — you are referring to the whole book and should use Author, year format. Lawrence, a British intelligence officer, became regarded as the man who was in charge of the Arab revolt Thomas, If you are quoting the source or bring in figures provided in it, you need to include the page number in your in-text reference.
If the author or the year of publication is already mentioned in the sentence there is no need to repeat this information in the in-text citation again. With Lawrence in Arabia was published in Thomas. Lawrence of Arabia became famous due to the book of Lowell Thomas If the source is written by multiple authors, then you should state last names of all of them, at least in the first reference within the essay. Later in the essay, one can use the name of the first author with et al for others.
Morris, Raskin, — first in-text reference. In case of no author. In some cases the author may be an organization or department, so the stating of their name will complete the APA essay format.
Or else the mention of the book will also fulfill the need. Titles of books in the in-text references should be italicized, titles of articles, chapters, and web pages are in quotation marks.
The reference list includes all sources used in the course of the essay and cited in the paper. The references should always be organized in alphabetical order. This gives an organized look to the essay. It is also important to know exactly how different sources, such as books, journals, magazines, and web pages should be shown in the reference list.
As certain requirements differ for each type of source:. Readers and writers alike can find headings as a useful tool in writing. Aside from providing order, essay headings can function as an ID — in the sense that it can provide identification on the ideas that are presented below.
Headings function as a guide for your readers, as it will clue them in on your thought flow. Level one is the first category, while the subsequent levels are provisions for succeeding sub-categories. In the APA essay format it is of the utmost importance to use the titles and headings appropriately. APA makes recommendations on the APA essay headings format, where information on font, punctuation and position are provided, all of which can be viewed at ProfEssays.
Indented, boldface, only the first w ord with a capital letter, with a period. Indented, boldface, italicized, only the first w ord with a capital letter with a period. Only the parts of the main body should have headings! Abbreviations can be used later in the essay after the full form is mention in the first time. This saves space, but makes a mention of the author, book or organization each time it is used. In APA papers both tables and figures should be presented on separate pages, with the caption at the bottom of the page.
The main thrust of documenting guidelines is to avoid plagiarism. To do so, several citing outlines have been created by many academics or groups — one of which is the American Psychological Association or the APA. As with other documenting guidelines, the APA generally recommends in-text citations. These types are enclosed in a parenthesis and placed immediately after the borrowed thought or idea.
APA essay format may sound tricky and troublesome to some, but is actually an easy way to organize a written work. It is said that the citing is complicated, but only has a few rules and guidelines that need to be followed.
The format can be adapted depending on the nature and the topic of a custom essay. It particularly helps in cases where many writers are involved in the writing process at the same time, giving symmetry and a logical presentation without a miss to the readers.
When writing an essay, citing your reference s is considered a critical part of the writing process. This fundamental element of writing helps students avoid plagiarism. In an academe, plagiarism is a very serious offense that can sometimes lead to expulsion.
Your essay should include four major sections: the Title Page, Abstract, Main Body, and References. Title Page The title page should contain the title of the paper, the author's name, and the institutional affiliation.
Creating an APA Title Page. 1) The Title. This is the most important part, and should be center aligned, about halfway down the page. This is the full title of the research paper, dissertation or thesis. 2) Personal Details. At the bottom of the page, center aligned, should .
Click on the link above in the Media box to download the pdf handout, APA Sample Paper. title of your paper in all caps. Next, insert an automatic page number by choosing the Insert Page Number button on the Header and Footer toolbar. Be sure to select “Different on First Page.” APA papers require a title page. In the top half of the page, include all information shown below, centered and double-spaced.
All text on the title page should be double-spaced in the same way as the rest of your essay; Do not include any titles on the author’s name such as Dr. or Ms. The institutional affiliation is the location where the author conducted the research; Sample Title page: . Title Page Formatting • At the top of the page, the header should have the words Running head, the Title in all caps, and the page number. • The title of the paper, your name, and the name of the college are centered on the page.