The page template for the new OWL site does not include contributors' names or the page's last edited date. However, select pages, like the Citation Style Chart , still include this information. Purdue Online Writing Lab. Contributors' names Last edited date. Common Words that Sound Alike Numbers: Text Elements Visual Rhetoric: Process and Materials Overview: An Introduction Researching Programs: Practical Considerations Researching Programs: Drafting Your Statement Statements of Purpose: The Basics In-Text Citations: Basic Rules Reference List: Articles in Periodicals Reference List: Other Print Sources Reference List: Electronic Sources Reference List: Organization and Structure Graduate Writing Workshops: Introductions Graduate Writing Workshops: Literature Reviews Graduate Writing Workshops: Style Graduate Writing Workshops: This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission.
Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. This resource is enhanced by an Acrobat PDF file. Download the free Acrobat Reader.
Purdue Online Writing Lab. Common Words that Sound Alike Numbers: Text Elements Visual Rhetoric: Process and Materials Overview: When a work has more than 2 authors, subsequent in-text citations consist of the first author's name followed by "et al. When a work has authors, in-text citations consist of the first author's name followed by "et al. When there are eight or more authors, include the first 6 authors' names followed by an ellipsis.
When a work has 8 or more authors, in-text citations consist of the first author's name followed by "et al. None to claim their bones: Relics of an old Brooklyn graveyard. New York Times , pp. List the source by title in your reference list. Alphabetize reference list entries beginning with a title using the primary word of the title excluding a , an , and the. In cases where the title contains a colon, use only the text before the colon in your in-text citation. For all sources other than periodicals that is, newspapers, magazines, and scholarly journals , capitalize the first word of the title and subtitle and proper nouns only.
Do not capitalize the rest see example below. All major words in periodical titles should be capitalized for example, Psychology Today , Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved. Student cheating and plagiarism in the Internet era: APA does not use "Volume", "Vol.
Use italics for the volume number. If each issue of a journal begins on page 1, give the issue number in parentheses immediately after the volume number, as above. Omit them when citing journal and magazine articles. Follow the examples in this guide.
House of dust [Collage]. Retrieved from Oxford Art Online database. You read a article by Linhares and Brum that cites an earlier article, by Frederick. You want to cite Frederick's article, but you have not read Frederick's article itself. Understanding our understanding of strategic scenarios: What role do chunks play? Cognitive Science , 31 6 , Your Reference list will contain the article you read, by Linhares and Brum.
Your in-text citation gives credit to Frederick and shows the source in which you found Frederick's ideas. Stressors and supports for adult online learners: Comparing first- and continuing-generation college students. American Journal of Distance Education, 27 2 , What is a DOI? A DOI is a unique identifying number for an article. In the database record for an article, you will see an element that looks like this, which you should include at the end of your APA reference, preceded by "https: This link will allow a reader to link to doi.
Toward a psychophysiology of expertise: Focal magnetic gamma bursts as a signature of memory chunks and the aptitude of chess players.
Journal of Psychophysiology, 20 4 , The transition to retirement: Stages and factors that influence retirement adjustment. International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 59 1 , Find the journal's homepage. Do a Web search to find the address of the homepage of the journal that published the article and include it in your citation. Please be aware, however, that the full text of articles may not actually be available at the journal homepage.
Cannot find the journal's homepage? Executive functioning and alcohol-related aggression. American Psychologist, 59 2 , Problem-solving interactions between mothers and children. Child and Family Behavior Therapy, 26 1 , Navy Yard Hill and the founding of Washington City. Capitol Hill Historian , 2 , Crow rookeries and urban toponyms in the United States. Corvid, 10 1 , New Yorker, 80 35 , Find the magazine's homepage.
Do a Web search using a search engine such as Google or Yahoo! Cannot find the magazine's homepage? In this case, do a Web search using a search engine such as Google or Yahoo! Newsweek, 3 , An overview of web archiving. D-Lib , 18 Android malware on the rise. Psychology Today, 22 3 , Smithsonian, 34 2 , Discover, 26 2 , Tiffany glass and other tales from the crypt.
The New York Times , pp. The page number of a newspaper article is preceded by "p. When an article appears on multiple pages, the page range is preceded by "pp.
Include an in-text citation when you refer to, summarize, paraphrase, or quote from another source. For every in-text citation in your paper, there must be a corresponding entry in your reference list. APA in-text citation style uses the author's last name and the year of publication, for example: (Field, ).
APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 6 th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page.
APA Sample Paper Abstract page: The Body. On the following page, begin with the Body of the APA paper. Start with the Running title; On the next line write the title (do not bold, underline, or italicize the title) Begin with the introduction. Indent. The introduction presents the problem and premise upon which the research was based. APA style is a difficult citation format for first-time learners (Jones, , p. ). Citing an Author or Authors A Work by Two Authors: Name both authors in the signal phrase or in the parentheses each time you cite the work.
Cite personal communications within the body of your paper only. More Information: See page in the APA Manual, 6th edition for further explanation. No Author? APA (American Psychological Association) research paper format is often used in papers related to psychology and social sciences. In this citation, there is a general format in referencing through endnotes/footnotes, in-text, and reference pages.