Is this a factual report, a book review, a comparison, or an analysis of a problem? Explain briefly the major points you plan to cover in your paper and why readers should be interested in your topic. BODY — This is where you present your arguments to support your thesis statement. Remember the Rule of 3, i. Begin with a strong argument, then use a stronger one, and end with the strongest argument for your final point.
Explain why you have come to this particular conclusion. Organize all the information you have gathered according to your outline. Critically analyze your research data. Using the best available sources, check for accuracy and verify that the information is factual, up-to-date, and correct. Opposing views should also be noted if they help to support your thesis. This is the most important stage in writing a research paper.
Here you will analyze, synthesize, sort, and digest the information you have gathered and hopefully learn something about your topic which is the real purpose of doing a research paper in the first place.
You must also be able to effectively communicate your thoughts, ideas, insights, and research findings to others through written words as in a report, an essay, a research or term paper, or through spoken words as in an oral or multimedia presentation with audio-visual aids. Do not include any information that is not relevant to your topic, and do not include information that you do not understand.
Make sure the information that you have noted is carefully recorded and in your own words, if possible. Plagiarism is definitely out of the question. Document all ideas borrowed or quotes used very accurately. As you organize your notes, jot down detailed bibliographical information for each cited paragraph and have it ready to transfer to your Works Cited page. Devise your own method to organize your notes.
One method may be to mark with a different color ink or use a hi-liter to identify sections in your outline, e. Group your notes following the outline codes you have assigned to your notes, e.
This method will enable you to quickly put all your resources in the right place as you organize your notes according to your outline. Start with the first topic in your outline. Read all the relevant notes you have gathered that have been marked, e. Summarize, paraphrase or quote directly for each idea you plan to use in your essay. Use a technique that suits you, e. Mark each card or sheet of paper clearly with your outline code or reference, e. Put all your note cards or paper in the order of your outline, e.
If using a word processor, create meaningful filenames that match your outline codes for easy cut and paste as you type up your final paper, e. Before you know it, you have a well organized term paper completed exactly as outlined. The unusual symbol will make it easy for you to find the exact location again. Delete the symbol once editing is completed. Read your paper for any content errors. Double check the facts and figures. Arrange and rearrange ideas to follow your outline.
Reorganize your outline if necessary, but always keep the purpose of your paper and your readers in mind. Use a free grammar and proof reading checker such as Grammarly.
Is my thesis statement concise and clear? Did I follow my outline? Did I miss anything? Are my arguments presented in a logical sequence? Are all sources properly cited to ensure that I am not plagiarizing? Have I proved my thesis with strong supporting arguments? Have I made my intentions and points clear in the essay? Re-read your paper for grammatical errors.
Use a dictionary or a thesaurus as needed. Do a spell check. Correct all errors that you can spot and improve the overall quality of the paper to the best of your ability.
Get someone else to read it over. Sometimes a second pair of eyes can see mistakes that you missed. Did I begin each paragraph with a proper topic sentence? Have I supported my arguments with documented proof or examples? Any run-on or unfinished sentences? Any unnecessary or repetitious words? Varying lengths of sentences? Does one paragraph or idea flow smoothly into the next? Any spelling or grammatical errors? Quotes accurate in source, spelling, and punctuation?
Are all my citations accurate and in correct format? Did I avoid using contractions? Did I use third person as much as possible? Have I made my points clear and interesting but remained objective? Did I leave a sense of completion for my reader s at the end of the paper? For an excellent source on English composition, check out this classic book by William Strunk, Jr. Place yourself in the background, Revise and rewrite, Avoid fancy words, Be clear, Do not inject opinion, Do not take shortcuts at the cost of clarity, … and much more.
The Elements of Style was first published in There is also a particular formatting style you must follow. There are several formatting styles typically used. APA American Psychological Association style is mostly used to cite sources within the field of social sciences. Instead of providing individual recommendations for each publishing format printed, online, e-books etc. You should necessarily ask your instuctor which formatting style is required for your paper and format it accordingly before submitting.
All formal reports or essays should be typewritten and printed, preferably on a good quality printer. Read the assignment sheet again to be sure that you understand fully what is expected of you, and that your essay meets the requirements as specified by your teacher.
Know how your essay will be evaluated. Proofread final paper carefully for spelling, punctuation, missing or duplicated words. There is also a large number of books, or portions of books, that can be found online without cost or much effort. Find some useful statistics to aid your research. Once you have the statistics, you can always use a program like Excel to make them into graphs to include in your paper.
Be sure to analyse the statistics with care and not simply pick and choose elements of them to meet what you want them to demonstrate. Don't forget the videos. See if there are any documentaries on your topic. These will be more visual, more interesting to research, and will also add some variation to your list of sources! Check the television schedules of some relevant documentary channels, look around for DVDs or some older documentaries can also be found on places like YouTube.
If you do quote from a video, be sure to cite it properly. Organise your research, mull it over, and then start writing! Once you've started, don't be afraid to go back to the library to do a little more research in a particular area if needed, or to alter your title slightly if one area of your research is particularly interesting or detailed.
Sample Environmental Research Paper. Your introduction could start with a definition, a fact, or a quote about the subject you are trying to write about. Not Helpful 2 Helpful 7. Of course, crows are not currently extinct, so presumably you would be writing about how we can protect the environment to ensure they do not go extinct, or something like that.
Not Helpful 2 Helpful 1. Answer this question Flag as Is "Whose social and governance systems provide the best model for development in the 21st Century-China or America's" a good topic introduction for a term paper?
How does cooperative development contribute to the agriculture sector in Nepal? How to make a research paper of "The Famous Diseases in the Philippines? What are some sample psychology assessment topics? Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Already answered Not a question Bad question Other.
If you can't find an accessible expert, think about doing a search online for an expert in the relevant field and sending them an email.
Finding information on the subject can be found in books related to but not specifically on the subject. Sometimes you find "a bit of gold" that's only a paragraph but is very interesting or informative and definitely worth including. Note your sources carefully as you go along to make the bibliography easier - and to prevent plagiarism! Read How to Cite Sources for a list of the details you will need to include for each type of source. Warnings Always be wary of plagiarism.
Write only in your own words , and properly cite any sources you use, not just quotes. This may seem like a bit of a hassle, but noting down everything you've read will also impress your professor with how much work you have put into the paper. If more than one person is researching the same topic, or you have been set in a group, make sure you get to the library early.
Otherwise other individuals or the members of your group could have checked all the books on that topic out already! It would be a good idea to make a realistic time plan of when you expect to complete each stage of your paper and stick to it. Stay focused and never leave anything to the last minute. Things You'll Need Library. Sources and Citations Research a Paper video from Howcast, http: Article Info Featured Article Categories: Featured Articles Research Papers In other languages: Eine Facharbeit recherchieren Print Edit Send fan mail to authors.
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HOW TO WRITE AN EFFECTIVE RESEARCH PAPER • Getting ready with data • First draft • Structure of a scientific paper • Selecting a journal • Submission • Revision and galley proof Disclaimer: The suggestions and remarks in this presentation are based on personal research experience. Research practices and approaches vary.
APA Research Paper Format. APA (American Psychological Association) research paper format is often used in papers related to psychology and social sciences. In this citation, there is a general format in referencing through endnotes/footnotes, in-text, and reference pages.
How to Properly Write a Thesis Statement for a Research Paper Writing a thesis statement for a research paper can seem like a confusing task, but in reality it’s quite straightforward. The purpose of a thesis statement is to present the argument in the paper and give the reader an idea of which questions will be answered. The standard bibliography resource for students from high school to graduate school has been Kate Turabian's Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, which is an adaptation of the Chicago Style Manual.
The method section of an APA format psychology paper provides the methods and procedures used in a research study or experiment. This part of an APA paper is critical because it allows other researchers to see exactly how you conducted your research.