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NEWSPAPER Defined for English Language Learners
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He used it as a means to criticize the British rule through journalism. The history of Middle Eastern newspapers goes back to the 19th century. Many editors were not only journalists but also writers, philosophers and politicians. With unofficial journals, these intellectuals encouraged public discourse on politics in the Ottoman and Persian Empires.

Literary works of all genres were serialized and published in the press as well. The first newspapers in the Ottoman Empire were owned by foreigners living there who wanted to make propaganda about the Western world. One of the earliest women to sign her articles in the Arab press was the female medical practitioner Galila Tamarhan , who contributed articles to a medical magazine called " Ya'asub al-Tib " Leader in Medicine in the s.

By the early 19th century, many cities in Europe, as well as North and South America, published newspaper-type publications though not all of them developed in the same way; content was vastly shaped by regional and cultural preferences. In , The Times London acquired a printing press capable of making 1, impressions per hour. This innovation made newspapers cheaper and thus available to a larger part of the population. In , the first inexpensive " penny press " newspaper came to the market: In , August Zang , an Austrian who knew Girardin in Paris, returned to Vienna to introduce the same methods with " Die Presse " which was named for and frankly copied Girardin's publication.

While most newspapers are aimed at a broad spectrum of readers, usually geographically defined, some focus on groups of readers defined more by their interests than their location: More specialist still are some weekly newspapers, usually free and distributed within limited regional areas; these may serve communities as specific as certain immigrant populations, the local gay community or indie rock enthusiasts within a city or region.

A daily newspaper is printed every day, sometimes with the exception of Sundays and occasionally Saturdays, and some major holidays [32] and often of some national holidays. Saturday and, where they exist, Sunday editions of daily newspapers tend to be larger, include more specialized sections e. Typically, the majority of these newspapers' staff members work Monday to Friday, so the Sunday and Monday editions largely depend on content done in advance or content that is syndicated.

Most daily newspapers are sold in the morning. Afternoon or evening papers, once common but now scarce, are aimed more at commuters and office workers. In practice though this may vary according to country , a morning newspaper is available in early editions from before midnight on the night before its cover date , further editions being printed and distributed during the night.

The later editions can include breaking news which was first revealed that day, after the morning edition was already printed. Previews of tomorrow's newspapers are often a feature of late night news programs, such as Newsnight in the United Kingdom. In , the first daily newspaper appeared, Einkommende Zeitung , [33] published by Timotheus Ritzsch in Leipzig , Germany. In the United Kingdom, unlike most other countries, "daily" newspapers do not publish on Sundays.

In the past there were independent Sunday newspapers; nowadays the same publisher often produces a Sunday newspaper , distinct in many ways from the daily, usually with a related name; e. In some cases a Sunday edition is an expanded version of a newspaper from the same publisher; in other cases, particularly in Britain, it may be a separate enterprise, e.

Usually, it is a specially expanded edition, often several times the thickness and weight of the weekday editions and contain generally special sections not found in the weekday editions, such as Sunday comics , Sunday magazines such as The New York Times Magazine and The Sunday Times Magazine. Daily newspapers are not published on Christmas Day , but weekly newspapers would change their day e. Weekly newspapers are published once a week, and tend to be smaller than daily papers. Some newspapers are published two or three times a week and are known as biweekly publications.

Some publications are published, for example, fortnightly or bimonthly in American parlance. They have a change from normal weekly day of the week during the Christmas period depending the day of the week Christmas Day is falling on.

A local newspaper serves a region such as a city, or part of a large city. Almost every market has one or two newspapers that dominate the area. Large metropolitan newspapers often have large distribution networks, and can be found outside their normal area, sometimes widely, sometimes from fewer sources. Most nations have at least one newspaper that circulates throughout the whole country: Some national newspapers, such as the Financial Times and The Wall Street Journal , are specialised in these examples, on financial matters.

There are many national newspapers in the United Kingdom , but only a few in the United States and Canada. In Canada, The Globe and Mail is sold throughout the country.

In the United States, in addition to national newspapers as such, The New York Times is available throughout the country. There is also a small group of newspapers which may be characterized as international newspapers. Some, such as The New York Times International Edition , formerly The International Herald Tribune have always had that focus, while others are repackaged national newspapers or "international editions" of national or large metropolitan newspapers.

In some cases, articles that might not interest the wider range of readers are omitted from international editions; in others, of interest to expatriates , significant national news is retained. As English became the international language of business and technology, many newspapers formerly published only in non-English languages have also developed English-language editions. In places as varied as Jerusalem and Mumbai , newspapers are printed for a local and international English-speaking public, and for tourists.

The advent of the Internet has also allowed non-English-language newspapers to put out a scaled-down English version to give their newspaper a global outreach. Similarly, in many countries with a large foreign-language-speaking population or many tourists, newspapers in languages other than the national language are both published locally and imported. For example, newspapers and magazines from many countries, and locally published newspapers in many languages , are readily to be found on news-stands in central London.

In the US state of Florida , so many tourists from the French-speaking Canadian province of Quebec visit for long stays during the winter " snowbirds " that some newsstands and stores sell French-language newspapers such as Le Droit. General newspapers cover all topics, with different emphasis. While at least mentioning all topics, some might have good coverage of international events of importance; others might concentrate more on national or local entertainment or sports.

Specialised newspapers might concentrate more specifically on, for example, financial matters. There are publications covering exclusively sports, or certain sports, horse-racing, theatre, and so on, although they may no longer be called newspapers. For centuries newspapers were printed on paper and supplied physically to readers either by local distribution, or in some cases by mail, for example for British expatriates living in India or Hong Kong who subscribed to British newspapers.

Newspaper organizations need a large distribution system to deliver their papers to these different distributors, which typically involves delivery trucks and delivery people.

In recent years, newspapers and other media have adapted to the changing technology environment by starting to offer online editions to cater to the needs of the public. In the future, the trend towards more electronic delivery of the news will continue with more emphasis on the Internet, social media and other electronic delivery methods. However, while the method of delivery is changing, the newspaper and the industry still has a niche in the world. As of , virtually all major printed newspapers have online editions distributed over the Internet which, depending on the country may be regulated by journalism organizations such as the Press Complaints Commission in the UK.

A new trend in newspaper publishing is the introduction of personalization through on-demand printing technologies or with online news aggregator websites like Google news.

Customized newspapers allow the reader to create their individual newspaper through the selection of individual pages from multiple publications. This "Best of" approach allows revival of the print-based model and opens up a new distribution channel to increase coverage beneath the usual boundaries of distribution. With these online newspapers, the reader can select how much of each section politics, sports, arts, etc. In the United States, the overall manager or chief executive of the newspaper is the publisher.

Although he or she rarely or perhaps never writes stories, the publisher is legally responsible for the contents of the entire newspaper and also runs the business, including hiring editors, reporters, and other staff members. This title is less common outside the U. The equivalent position in the film industry and television news shows is the executive producer.

Throughout the English-speaking world, the person who selects the content for the newspaper is usually referred to as the editor. Variations on this title such as editor-in-chief, executive editor, and so on are common. For small newspapers, a single editor may be responsible for all content areas.

At large newspapers, the most senior editor is in overall charge of the publication, while less senior editors may each focus on one subject area, such as local news or sports. These divisions are called news bureaus or "desks", and each is supervised by a designated editor.

Most newspaper editors copy edit the stories for their part of the newspaper, but they may share their workload with proofreaders and fact checkers. Reporters are journalists who primarily report facts that they have gathered and those who write longer, less news-oriented articles may be called feature writers.

Photographers and graphic artists provide images and illustrations to support articles. Journalists often specialize in a subject area, called a beat , such as sports, religion, or science. Columnists are journalists who write regular articles recounting their personal opinions and experiences.

Printers and press operators physically print the newspaper. Printing is outsourced by many newspapers, partly because of the cost of an offset web press the most common kind of press used to print newspapers and also because a small newspaper's print run might require less than an hour of operation, meaning that if the newspaper had its own press it would sit idle most of the time. If the newspaper offers information online, webmasters and web designers may be employed to upload stories to the newspaper's website.

The staff of the circulation department liaise with retailers who sell the newspaper; sell subscriptions; and supervise distribution of the printed newspapers through the mail, by newspaper carriers , at retailers, and through vending machines. Free newspapers do not sell subscriptions, but they still have a circulation department responsible for distributing the newspapers.

Sales staff in the advertising department not only sell ad space to clients such as local businesses, but also help clients design and plan their advertising campaigns. Other members of the advertising department may include graphic designers , who design ads according to the customers' specifications and the department's policies. In an advertising-free newspaper , there is no advertising department. Newspapers often refine distribution of ads and news through zoning and editioning.

Zoning occurs when advertising and editorial content change to reflect the location to which the product is delivered. The editorial content often may change merely to reflect changes in advertising—the quantity and layout of which affects the space available for editorial—or may contain region-specific news. In rare instances, the advertising may not change from one zone to another, but there will be different region-specific editorial content.

As the content can vary widely, zoned editions are often produced in parallel. Editioning occurs in the main sections as news is updated throughout the night.

The advertising is usually the same in each edition with the exception of zoned regionals, in which it is often the 'B' section of local news that undergoes advertising changes.

As each edition represents the latest news available for the next press run, these editions are produced linearly, with one completed edition being copied and updated for the next edition. The previous edition is always copied to maintain a Newspaper of Record and to fall back on if a quick correction is needed for the press. For example, both The New York Times and The Wall Street Journal offer a regional edition, printed through a local contractor, and featuring locale specific content.

Sports Tension builds as the Canelo Alvarez vs. Saudi Arabia Trying to shake off its ultra-conservative image, Saudi Arabia launches a new industry: Roberts ran through Jim Crow Texas and into the record books.

The Middle Ages Meet my muse, a loving and happy presence, despite the troubling turns in her young life. Column Open your wallets, California taxpayers.

Coastal commissioners hit with fines were indemnified pretrial. Column Beware of this pitch for Trump, Social Security and 'traditional values'. Editorial Did we learn enough from the Lehman Bros. Business The gap between men and women's pay is narrowing. It's partly because men's earnings fell. Everything to know before the big show 6: Science Now Did archaeologists find the oldest drawing made by humans?

Who killed Lorenzen Wright? Now Bakersfield mass shooting 'very calculated,' came after ugly divorce, officials say. Nation Never a seamless fit, Mattis and Trump show growing signs of discord. Politics Paul Manafort pleads guilty to reduced charges and agrees to cooperate with special counsel's probe. World Russian Pussy Riot activist hospitalized in grave condition; poisoning suspected.

Now In rare move, San Diego diocese names eight priests as alleged sexual predators. Commentary Ariana Grande and Julie Chen get trapped by the blame game. Now San Francisco statue that some call racist is removed. Now Habitat restoration project in Oceanside hopes to lure cactus wrens, California gnatcatchers.

Now Sunland man dies in early morning house fire. Now Dozens of guns seized from man accused of shooting San Diego city worker.

Now Retardant drop killed firefighter battling California's Mendocino Complex fire. Steven Yeun and Lee Chang-dong explore identity in 'Burning'. Patient advocates, healthcare groups sue Trump administration to preserve insurance protections. Explore the year a word first appeared. Definition of newspaper 1: See newspaper defined for English-language learners See newspaper defined for kids. Examples of newspaper in a Sentence He used some newspaper to get the fire started. Recent Examples of newspaper from the Web The result, according to the Baltimore Sun, was a hit for Jarrod Ramos, a year-old man from Laurel, Maryland who apparently had a years-long grudge against the local newspaper.

In the years before the shootings Ramos authored hundreds of pages of court documents and social media posts laying out his grudge against the newspaper and a former high school classmate.

His barbs against the media came on a day when newsrooms across the U. Ramos is now charged with killing five people at a Maryland newspaper last week. Raised in Annapolis, Bill Belichick sent his condolences to The Capital Gazette newspaper in a short statement after five employees were killed by a gunman late last week. Five of their colleagues were killed by a gunman Thursday at the newspaper in Annapolis, Md.

Art Lien The Maryland newspaper where five people were killed this week filed reports of harassment in against Jarrod Ramos, the man accused of the murders. First Known Use of newspaper Related Words annual , bimonthly , biweekly , daily , monthly , quarterly , semimonthly , semiweekly , triweekly , weekly , yearbook ; digest , little magazine ; fanzine ; pictorial , slick ; newsletter , newsmagazine , newsweekly ;. Recent Examples of newspaper from the Web This may seem like an ironic gift for a man who newspaper publishers once railed against as the destroyer of classified ads, a high-margin pillar in broadsheet and tabloid profits.

An earlier version of this story misstated the name of the gymnast who newspaper Moskovsky Korrespondent reported Putin was planning to marry.

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