In the defendant was tried and convicted of attempting to murder her husband by poison. The prosecution evidence against the defendant was that; not only did her husband suffer arsenic and lead poisoning while living with her, and that she was a beneficiary of an insurance policy on her late husband, there were three other people had also died over the past eighteen years, residing together with Ms.
Perry, from a result ingesting harmful substances. The defendant was convicted and upon Appeal the Australian High Court squashed the conviction on the grounds that the deaths of the three other people should not have been allowed in court. Evidence of previous convictions is among the types of evidence that are not admissible in a criminal trial in Australia. These kinds of evidence are not admissible, not because there is proof that the evidence being adduced is faulty or amounts it to a falsehood; but for different reasons depending on the situation.
A good example is hearsay and rumors not considered as evidence unless the defendant admits of uttering the words claimed against him. Further, there is privileged evidence, for example information shared between a lawyer and his client, or that between a priest and a penitent during confession, which is not admissible in a court of law on account of it being privileged.
Confessions that are made under duress are also not admissible in a court of law. There is also a category of evidence that the court finds admissible without much qualification. Circumstantial evidence is evidence that gives an inference that a particular fact exist.
Corroborating evidence is also another class of evidence readily admissible. Its main purpose is to strengthen initial evidence submitted.
Demonstrative evidence is any physical exhibit that can be examined by the jury, while forensic evidence is evidence gathered and studied with the help of science and other specialized methods.
The proposed amendment to the evidence act, amounts to what the law terms as prejudicial evidence. These are the kind whose prejudicial effect would over lap its probative value, which by the rule in the case of R v Christie AC is not admissible.
A criminal trial entails serious offences against the state, and when the accused is facing the court of law, the trial is majorly characterized by the presence of a jury. The defendant is presented with the circumstance of the case in hand and is asked to take a plea to the extent that he agree or disagrees with the charges as read to him.
If he agrees to the claims the judge immediately gives a verdict in accordance with the law but if the accused denies he is guilty a case trial then begins. The prosecutor begins by addressing the jury stating clearly the case in hand against the defendant.
When all proof has been represented in the court room the prosecutor and the defendant side presents their final arguments to the court room and precisely to the jury, the judge then offers clearance of how the law applies to the evidence and the case as a whole. The jury is then provided with some privacy, to discuss at length the matter in hand so that substantial verdict can be made. If the jury finds the accused not guilty, the person left free, however if found guilty then the judge with a task of giving sentence to the accused who then becomes a prisoner.
It is clear that the work of the jury is to examine the factual points of the case and their correctness, while the judge focuses on the points of law. Statutory law provides for rules of collecting of evidence in criminal trial and the procedure to be taken. The law establishes strategies used to ensure that the evidence offered in court can be termed as truthful.
Today, criminology remains inherently theoretical but is also far more applied in focus and thus more connected to the academic and practitioner concerns of criminal justice and related professional service fields.
Contemporary study of criminology and criminal justice is also increasingly interdisciplinary and thus features a broad variety of research topics on the causes, effects, and responses to crime. Because just listing suggestions for criminal justice research topics will be of limited value we have included short topical overviews and suggestions for narrowing those topics and divided them into 6 parts as in the list above.
These research papers were written by several well-known discipline figures and emerging younger scholars who provide authoritative overviews coupled with insightful discussion that will quickly familiarize researchers and students alike with fundamental and detailed information for each criminal justice topic.
This collection begins by defining the discipline of criminology and observing its historical development Part I: The various social e. The media has been accused of hypocrisy in its coverage of corporate crime on the diverse channels of news dispersion platforms available to them.
This is in part due to securing their best interest, for most news outlets are owned or part-owned by big corporations. Encouragingly, steps have been taken to ensure that perpetrators of white collar crimes pay for their actions as can be seen from the USSC guidelines which encourage increased sentences for individuals involved in cases of large scale fraud.
The 9 years prison sentence given to Matthew Martoma for insider trading while working at SAC Capital Advisors has created a precedence for longer jail terms and it could serve as a deterrence to others. The Savings and Loan Crisis. US white-collar crime policy too soft. Crime, Prisons and Jails. When the Gender Gap is a Good Thing: Women and Corporate Crime. Definitions, Extents and Consequences. Sentencing Disparities between White Collar Crimes and Street Crimes To clarify the sentencing issues that arise, it is important to first understand the distinction between white collar crime and street crime according to the United States Department of Justice system.
US white-collar crime policy too soft Gale Research.
CRIMINAL LAW TOPICS FOR RESEARCH PAPERS. Criminal and Civil Law in the English Legal System - One of the fundamental contrasts between criminal cases and common cases is that they are held in various courts, this is on account of there is a noteworthy qualification between a common wrong and a criminal downlwhopkd.cfions .
Research within librarian-selected research topics on Criminal Law from the Questia online library, including full-text online books, academic journals, magazines, newspapers and .
Example criminal justice research papers on these topics have been designed to serve as sources of model papers for most criminological topics. Here, the central components of criminal justice research paper topics (law enforcement, courts, and corrections) are presented from a criminology–criminal justice outlook that . The list of nearly key criminal justice research topics for essays and research papers comprising traditional criminology and modern interdisciplinary outgrowths.
Law essay help uk high quality cus on research criminal justice paper topics pap. Criminal law paper topics research help on essay writing help images on. Researchomatic is the largest e-library that contains millions of free Criminal Law Research Papers topics & Criminal Law Research Papers examples for students of .