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The awkward case of 'his or her'. Test your knowledge - and maybe learn something along the way. Build a city of skyscrapers—one synonym at a time. Explore the year a word first appeared. Definition of census 1: See census defined for English-language learners See census defined for kids. Examples of census in a Sentence According to the latest census , the racial makeup of the town has changed dramatically in the last 50 years.
Recent Examples of census from the Web The City Council on Thursday approved a resolution opposing a federal plan to ask citizenship status on the census. But a comparison of census and FBI data shows the U. Other governments According to the census and state data: Waukesha has the seventh largest population base of all Wisconsin communities. Gaelic, a Celtic language, is still spoken by 1 percent of the Scottish population, according to the latest census.
Helping the homeless find housing More than 6, men, women and children in Louisville are homeless, according to the latest census taken in Stopping gun violence," 15 May Charlotte Observer," 12 Apr. A wild omnibus ride," 24 Mar.
Related Words score ; amount , gross , sum , total , whole ; recount ;. Between April and , the Census Bureau released statistics compiled from the long forms, including information on income, marital status, disabilities, types of housing, and education.
In April , the bureau announced the results of its PES. Estimates drawn from the PES revealed that the census had resulted in a national undercount of 2. For example, in one south central Los Angeles neighborhood, officials determined that census takers had underreported the number of occupants in 38 percent of 5, households.
As expected, the undercount was greater for members of racial and ethnic minorities. Hispanics were undercounted by 5. Among major cities with high undercounts were Los Angeles 5. Among the reasons given for the low counts were that certain segments of the population did not believe the Census Bureau's promise that information is confidential and will not be shared with other government agencies such as the Immigration and Naturalization Service INS , the local housing authority, or the police; did not have addresses and thus were missed because the census was conducted primarily by mail; lived in urban high-crime areas where census takers were afraid to go door-to-door; were illegal immigrants; feared the government in general; or lacked proficiency in English.
According to the bureau, if the adjusted count were adopted, Arizona and California would each gain a seat in the House of Representatives and Wisconsin and Pennsylvania would each lose one seat. These discrepancies led state officials to renew their plea for an adjustment of the census using the PES.
Mosbacher announced his decision not to adjust the census to account for the estimated five million people undercounted by the census. Mosbacher said that although he was troubled by the undercount of minorities, his decision supported the integrity of the census and that the resulting disadvantage to minorities should not be remedied in the official census.
He also expressed concern that adjustment might not improve distribution of representatives among the states and that uncertainty as to the methods of adjustment and assumptions behind them might cause even more dispute about the accuracy of the census. The plaintiffs in Wisconsin v. City of New York U. After a day bench non-jury trial, the district court concluded that it could not overturn the secretary's decision City of New York , F.
On appeal, the court of appeals concluded that, given the admittedly greater accuracy of the adjusted count, the secretary's decision was not entitled to be upheld without a showing by the secretary that the refusal to adjust the census was essential to the achievement of a legitimate government objective City of New York , 34 F.
Secretary Mosbacher refused to make the adjusted numbers public, claiming they were flawed and their release could disrupt the redistricting process. In Assembly of California v. The department claimed that the information was protected from disclosure under an exemption to the FOIA. But the district court said the exemption did not apply to the census data and ordered the Commerce Department to release the tapes. The court of appeals affirmed the district court's order to release the tapes Assembly of California , F.
In a similar case, the U. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit reached the opposite result. In Florida House of Representatives v.
In light of the controversy over the census, government officials and demographers debated how best to conduct the census in and later. Many demographers argued that the U. An increase in the number of non-English speakers, undocumented immigrants, and homeless persons makes census taking more difficult and residents will become more diverse and less tolerant of government intrusion in the future. The American Statistical Association urged the government to use scientific sampling surveys to estimate the population that has been the most difficult to count.
In preparation for the census the bureau conducted a test census in the spring of at three sites—Paterson, New Jersey; Oakland, California; and six parishes in northwestern Louisiana. The sites were selected because of their ethnic diversity and their large number of multidwelling housing units.
In Paterson the bureau experimented with a multimedia kiosk, which allowed residents to answer census questions by touching a screen. In Oakland all identified households were sent a census form and blank forms were also made available at libraries, post offices, and the State Department of motor vehicles.
The bureau also experimented with using statistical samples from random surveys to estimate total population. From these test projects the Census Bureau announced that it would use statistical sampling to take into account historically undercounted populations.
These populations included minorities, renters, children, poor persons, and illegal Aliens. Although the American Statistical Association supported this approach as a valid methodology, the announcement set off a political firestorm. Congressional Republicans, worried that sampling would lead to congressional Apportionment that favored the Democratic Party , filed a lawsuit challenging the constitutionality of the proposed practice. The Supreme Court, in Commerce Dept.
House of Representatives , U. Justice Sandra Day O'Connor , writing for the majority, stated that there had been over two hundred years of history "during which federal census statutes have uniformly prohibited using statistical sampling for congressional apportionment. The census revealed that the U. There was little public controversy over the results, a sharp contrast to the census. However, one state did file suit in an attempt to throw out census figures derived from a method the state considered impermissible sampling.
Utah, noting that its population grew by 30 percent in ten years, was disappointed it did not gain another seat in the U. In reviewing the census data it noted that the Census Bureau had relied on a statistical method called imputation to estimate the number of members of a household that census takers could not contact after repeated efforts.
Utah discovered that if it could have these imputed numbers removed from the population count it would gain a House seat that had been awarded to North Carolina. A three-judge panel heard Utah's lawsuit but dismissed it at the urging of the Commerce Department. The panel ruled that the imputation method was not impermissible under the Supreme Court decision and that it did not violate the Constitution's Census Clause.
The Supreme Court, in Utah v. Evans , U. The Court, in a 5—4 decision, dismissed Utah's contention that actual enumeration under the Census Clause was intended as a description of the only methodology for counting U. As for the imputation method, the Court saw it as different from sampling: The site provides researchers with tables of data while also providing the public with breakdowns of data in easily searchable formats.
Redefining Urban and Suburban America: Evidence from Census An enumeration of the inhabitants of a country.
For the purpose of keeping the representation of the several states in congress equal, the constitution provides, that "representatives and direct taxes shall be apportioned among the several states, which may be included in this Union, according to their respective numbers; which shall be determined by adding to the whole number of free persons, including those bound to service for a term of years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three- fifths of all other persons.
The actual enumeration shall be made within three years after the first meeting of the congress of the United States, and within every subsequent term of ten years, in such a manner as they shall by law direct.
Census legal definition of census https: Census Census workers in a Phoenix, Arizona, data capture center. For the Census, the bureau planned to hire , temporary employees to assist its 6, permanent employees.
References in periodicals archive? The census to establish the country's population demographics is always conducted after every 10 years. KNBS races against time to conduct Sh All of Naperville will benefit from the extra revenue this special census could bring to our city," Mayor Steve Chirico said in a news release.
Special census to start Friday Census: Higher population means more bigger share of tax revenue Census: Higher population means more bigger share of tax revenue. Although the field operations of the Census are over, the final enumeration of the data is still under process and numbers and figures will not be released for some time.
Initial estimates after Census put population at million.
s, from Latin census "the enrollment of the names and property assessments of all Roman citizens," originally past participle of censere "to assess" (see censor (n.)). The modern census begins in the .
Census definition is - a count of the population and a property evaluation in early Rome. How to use census in a sentence. a count of the population and a property evaluation in early Rome.
Special census to start Friday Census: Higher population means more bigger share of tax revenue Census: Higher population means more bigger share of tax revenue The census was held after a delay of almost 19 years after the planned census of which was delayed due to . The U.S. Census Bureau is the official source for U.S. export and import statistics and regulations governing the reporting of exports from the U.S. International Trade Main.
census offers short-term jobs with long-term results Profile of language, immigration, citizenship, mobility and migration for Canada, provinces, territories, census divisions and census subdivisions, census, census year A census is an official survey of the population of a country that is carried out in order to find out how many people live there and to obtain details of such things as people's ages and jobs. COBUILD Advanced English Dictionary.